Biodegradable Smart Biopolymers for Food Packaging: Sustainable Approach Toward Green Environment

  • Roohi
  • Pallavi Srivastava
  • Kulsoom Bano
  • Mohammed Rehan Zaheer
  • Mohammed Kuddus


The advantage of biodegradable plastics over conventional synthetic plastics in respect to complete and safe disposal makes a way for its use in broad range of usage including agriculture, biomedical, and food packaging. In present scenario, biodegradable materials used for wrapping food products are mostly synthesized renewable raw materials like polylactide, starch-/cellulose-based polymers, polybutylene succinate, and polybutylene succinate-co-adipate. Spoiling of food by microbial contamination along with lipid and protein oxidation is a major concern in terms of food safety and quality, and it may occur in packaged foods even after using traditional food preservation techniques such as freezing, drying, heating, salting, and fermentation. All these problems can be overcome by using bio-based active and smart packaging that provides great opportunities for enhancing quality, tenderness, and freshness along with antimicrobial assets. Recently, antioxidant packaging is developed with bioactive molecules in encapsulated form that also improves aroma characteristics. This chapter gives an overview of different types of biodegradable polymers that are applied for covering of foodstuff and what consequences it confers on environment after biodegradation and composting.


Biodegradable polymers Food packaging Smart packaging Biodegradation Environmental impact 



Authors are grateful to Integral University for providing necessary infrastructure and manuscript communication number IU/R&D/2017-MCN000214.

Conflict of Interest The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roohi
    • 1
  • Pallavi Srivastava
    • 1
  • Kulsoom Bano
    • 1
  • Mohammed Rehan Zaheer
    • 2
  • Mohammed Kuddus
    • 3
  1. 1.Protein Research Laboratory, Department of BioengineeringIntegral UniversityLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Gagan College of Management and TechnologyAligarhIndia
  3. 3.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of HailHailSaudi Arabia

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