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Management of Petroleum Industry Waste Through Biosurfactant-Producing Bacteria: A Step Toward Sustainable Environment

  • Amar Jyoti Das
  • Shweta Ambust
  • Rajesh Kumar
Chapter

Abstract

Petroleum oil and its product contain various toxic compounds that can be regarded as toxic for environment and health. Terrestrial ecosystems contaminated by petroleum industry waste are considered to be hazardous due to hydrocarbon toxicity. Oil-contaminated soil causes toxicity in microorganism, plants, and animals. Hence, various approaches (biological, chemical, and physical technologies) have been adopted for remediation petroleum-contaminated terrestrial environment. Biosurfactants are amphiphilic, heterogeneous metabolites secreted by microorganisms consisting of hydrophilic and hydrophobic moieties, having the ability to manage petroleum oil and its product at various environmental conditions. They are highly degradable in soil and water and are low toxic in nature. Hence, the present chapter discusses details about biosurfactant and biosurfactant-producing bacteria and their role in management of petroleum-contaminated terrestrial ecosystem.

Keywords

Terrestrial ecosystems Petroleum industry waste Biosurfactant Management Hazardous 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The research support received from DST Inspire program (INSPIRE Code: IF140569) to the author Amar Jyoti Das is duly acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amar Jyoti Das
    • 1
  • Shweta Ambust
    • 1
  • Rajesh Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Rhizospheric Biology Laboratory, Department of Environmental Microbiology, School for Environmental SciencesBabasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (A Central University)LucknowIndia

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