Textile Industry Wastewaters as Major Sources of Environmental Contamination: Bioremediation Approaches for Its Degradation and Detoxification

  • Rijuta Ganesh Saratale
  • J. Rajesh Banu
  • Han-Seung Shin
  • Ram Naresh Bharagava
  • Ganesh Dattatraya SarataleEmail author


In the past few decades, rapid industrialization led to increasing the demand for textile products which leads to increase in water pollution. Effluent released by the textile industry pose a threat to environmental safety throughout the world. Bioremediation approaches could be considered as an efficient and effective way to treat textile effluent relative to existing physical and chemical methods. This book chapter describes various methods used to treat textile industry wastewater. Bioremediation approaches using live cells system, enzymes, and phytoremediation approaches and their detailed mechanisms have also been discussed. Further discussion on the various types of the bioreactors employed to treat textile industry wastewater at large scale is summarized. The performance of the system and their key challenges and future technological aspects are also briefly discussed. The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of bioremediation approaches to resolve issues related to textile industry wastewater and to minimize pollution and control their associated effects on the environment.


Textile wastewater Pollution Toxicity Oxidoreductive enzymes Fixed-bed bioreactor Bioremediation 



This research was completely supported by Dongguk University, Seoul, South Korea, under research fund 2018-2020.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rijuta Ganesh Saratale
    • 1
  • J. Rajesh Banu
    • 2
  • Han-Seung Shin
    • 3
  • Ram Naresh Bharagava
    • 4
  • Ganesh Dattatraya Saratale
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Research Institute of Biotechnology and Medical Converged ScienceDongguk University-SeoulGoyang-siRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringRegional Center of Anna UniversityTirunelveliIndia
  3. 3.Department of Food Science and BiotechnologyDongguk University-SeoulGoyang-siRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Laboratory of Bioremediation and Metagenomics Research (LBMR), Department of Microbiology (DM)Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (A Central University)LucknowIndia

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