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Bioremediation: An Eco-friendly Sustainable Technology for Environmental Management

  • Christopher Chibueze AzubuikeEmail author
  • Chioma Blaise Chikere
  • Gideon Chijioke Okpokwasili
Chapter

Abstract

Evironmental pollution is a major public health concern due to the detrimental effects of pollutants to humans and to other living organisms. Chemical and physical methods of remediation are expensive and do not result in complete removal of pollutants. Moreover, both methods may lead to more pollution and site disruption, thus impacting negatively to humans and other biota in the immediate vicinity of the polluted site. Therefore, chemical and physical methods of remediation are not considered eco-sustainable. Unlike these methods, bioremediation, which relies on biological processes (mediated by different groups of living organisms), results in the permanent removal of pollutants. This chapter covers: the eco-sustainable features of bioremediation, pollutants that are susceptible to bioremediation, groups of organisms that play significant roles in bioremediation, and advantages of bioremediation. Furthermore, it highlighted some limitations of bioremediation and ways of overcoming the limitations. Together, the advantages of bioremediation techniques notably its cost-effectiveness at different scales of operation, the simplicity of operation, process monitoring, and its less destructive features to polluted sites during operation are amongst the features that make bioremediation an eco-sustainable technology for environmental management.

Keywords

Environmental pollutants Toxicity Bioremediation Eco-sustainable technology Environmental management 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors are thankful to Dr. (Mrs.) Okeke-Ogbuafor NA, School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Marine Science and Technology, Newcastle University, United Kingdom, for proofreading of this chapter.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher Chibueze Azubuike
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chioma Blaise Chikere
    • 1
  • Gideon Chijioke Okpokwasili
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of Port HarcourtPort HarcourtNigeria

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