Hydrocarbon Degradation Assessment: Biotechnical Approaches Involved

  • Arezoo Dadrasnia
  • Mohammed Maikudi Usman
  • Tahereh Alinejad
  • Babak Motesharezadeh
  • Seyed Majid Mousavi


The contamination of soil by petroleum hydrocarbons has resulted in an increased attention toward the development of sound and innovative technologies for its remediation. The current chemical and physical treatment approaches are effective for petroleum hydrocarbon degradation, but they stagnate in the desired properties; aside from that, they also commonly generate many harmful compounds that are powerful immunotoxicants and carcinogen to living beings. In contrast to chemical and physical approaches, biotechnical techniques are effectual treatments in terms of cost and safety on long-term use. These methods have displayed a great potentiality and inexpensive privilege because they are environment friendly. The use of biomaterials to accumulate and pre-concentrate hydrocarbon from aqueous solutions or terrestrial ecosystem has been evaluated by many researchers. However, for the predictable future, long-term tolerance studies are looked for. Therefore, this chapter will discuss and provide an overview on biological degradation and fundamental factors for the biodegradation process.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arezoo Dadrasnia
    • 1
  • Mohammed Maikudi Usman
    • 2
  • Tahereh Alinejad
    • 3
  • Babak Motesharezadeh
    • 4
  • Seyed Majid Mousavi
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Research Management and Services, Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation) OfficeUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Biotechnology Department, School of Pure and Applied SciencesModibbo Adama University of TechnologyYolaNigeria
  3. 3.Division of Genetics & Molecular Biology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  4. 4.Soil Science Department Engineering, University College of Agriculture & Natural ResourceUniversity of TehranKarajIran

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