Double Resonance Raman Spectroscopy of Two-Dimensional Materials

  • R. Saito
  • Y. Tatsumi
  • T. Yang
  • H. Guo
  • S. Huang
  • L. Zhou
  • M. S. Dresselhaus
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 276)


In this chapter, we overview double resonance Raman spectra of two dimensional materials. Many weak Raman spectral peaks are observed in the two dimensional materials which can be attributed to second order, double resonance Raman spectra. It is useful for material characterization to understand not only first order Raman spectra but also second order Raman spectra since the second order Raman spectra has more information on electronic structure of the materials than the first order Raman spectra. Combined with the conventional first order resonance Raman theory, we will explain why the double resonance condition can be strong in the two dimensional materials. Since the double resonance Raman spectra give the information of phonon with non-zero wavevectors in the Brillouin zone, both the resonant wavevector and corresponding Raman spectra can shift with changing the incident laser energy. Here we will discuss the physics of double resonance Raman spectra of graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides by theoretical analysis using the first principles calculation.



All authors sincerely acknowledge Professor Mildred S. Dresselhaus who passed away on February 20th, 2017, before finishing this article. We all thank her for supervising us Raman spectroscopy of nano carbons and 2D materials. R.S. acknowledges JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP25286005, JP225107005, JP15K21722 and JP18H01810. T.Y. acknowledges the Major Program of Aerospace Advanced Manufacturing Technology Research Foundation NSFC and CASC, China (No. U1537204) and National Basic Research Program (No.2017YFA0206301) of China. H.H.G. acknowledges the support by the Liaoning Province Doctor Startup Fund (Grant 201601325) and Liaoning Shihua University Grant 2016XJJ-044. S.H. and L.Z. acknowledge financial support by STC Center for Integrated Quantum Materials, NSF Grant No. DMR-1231319, EFRI 2-DARE(EFMA-1542815), NSF grant DMR-1507806, and the U.S. Army Research Office through the MIT Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies (Grant No. 023674).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Saito
    • 1
  • Y. Tatsumi
    • 1
  • T. Yang
    • 2
  • H. Guo
    • 3
  • S. Huang
    • 4
  • L. Zhou
    • 5
    • 6
  • M. S. Dresselhaus
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangChina
  3. 3.College of SciencesLiaoning Shihua UniversityFushunChina
  4. 4.Electrical Engineering DepartmentPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  5. 5.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina
  6. 6.Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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