Raman Spectroscopy of Monolayer and Multilayer Graphenes

  • Jiang-Bin Wu
  • Miao-Ling Lin
  • Ping-Heng Tan
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 276)


The discovery of monolayer graphene in 2004 has triggered a great effort to investigate the fundamental properties and applications of all two-dimensional materials (2DMs). Monolayer graphene (1LG) can be stacked layer by layer in a particular way (AB, ABC and twist) to form multilayer graphene (MLG), whose properties vary according to the stacking. Raman spectroscopy is a useful tool to reveal the chemical and physical properties of graphene materials. In this chapter, we review the systematic development of the Raman spectroscopy of pristine 1LG and MLG. The essential Raman scattering processes of the entire first and second order modes in intrinsic 1LG are addressed in detail. We further introduce the concept of double resonance Raman scattering in graphene. Moreover, a series of works on the shear (C), layer-breathing (LB) and 2D modes of MLGs with different stacking orders are discussed. Finally, various types of resonance Raman spectroscopy of 1LG and MLG are also presented. The Raman spectroscopy of graphene materials can serve as a typical example in studying the Raman spectroscopy of other 2DMs and introducing the fundamental physical concepts for 2DMs.



We acknowledge support from the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFA0301204), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11474277, 11874350 and 11434010), and the Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiang-Bin Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Miao-Ling Lin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ping-Heng Tan
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Superlattices and Microstructures, Institute of SemiconductorsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.College of Materials Science and Opto-Electronic TechnologyUniversity of Chinese Academy of ScienceBeijingChina
  3. 3.Center of Materials Science and Opto-Electronics Engineering & CAS Center of Excellence in Topological Quantum ComputationUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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