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Waging ‘Peace’ in Post-Occupation Japan: The Uchinada Base Protests of 1953

  • Kenji Hasegawa
Chapter
Part of the New Directions in East Asian History book series (NDEAH)

Abstract

In Ogōchi, sanson kōsakutai members sought to wage guerilla warfare in 1952 by characterizing the dam construction as a ‘military dam’ for the US forces but had little success in enlisting the support of local villagers or workers. This chapter examines how in Uchinada the following year, a series of events triggered an anti-US base opposition movement of an unprecedented scale. The JCP sent kōsakutai into the village to mobilize residents against the proposed base construction and contributed to the movement but became merely one of multiple groups assisting in the struggle. Zengakuren students also participated in the protests but their numbers were limited due to the stagnation of activities after the JCP’s military interlude. However, their anti-American discourse was spread by the writer Shimizu Ikutarō and enjoyed unprecedented mass appeal in the post-occupation period.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenji Hasegawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Yokohama National UniversityYokohamaJapan

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