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‘Impressionable Students and Excitable Koreans’: Internal Factors in the JCP’s Anti-American Radicalization, 1945–1952

  • Kenji Hasegawa
Chapter
Part of the New Directions in East Asian History book series (NDEAH)

Abstract

The leftist terrorist incidents of the early 1950s have commonly been characterized as the result of the JCP’s policy of armed revolution formulated under the guidance of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the Cominform. However, as this chapter shows, the early anti-American radicalization of JCP members was not primarily caused by external orders or conflicts within the party leadership. Zengakuren students developed a virulently anti-American discourse that the party leadership sought to repress but later adopted after 1951, while Korean League members took part in armed clashes with authorities well before the JCP’s military turn. While the Cominform and CCP’s interventions accelerated the JCP’s radicalization, they should be understood as reinforcing factors reacting to, and building upon, existing tendencies.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenji Hasegawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Yokohama National UniversityYokohamaJapan

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