Water Management in Arid and Semiarid Areas of India

  • Subhajyoti Das


The arid and semiarid areas of the country, a major part of which suffers from recurrent drought, are under increasing economic and environmental strain mainly because of water scarcity. Due to paucity of surface water, groundwater has emerged as the sole sustainable source for water supply and irrigation in this terrain. But its widely variable occurrence and potential in time and space necessitate its delineation, development, conservation, and protection from overexploitation and pollution. Studies and experiences have shown that integrated water resource management involving conjunctive use and rainwater harvesting as part of watershed development can ensure water security and equity. Science and technology has a big role in water resource management which holds key to the economic growth of the region. This article narrates and analyzes some recent efforts in augmenting and conserving scarce water resources with community participation to achieve this objective in this terrain.


Aquifer Arid and semiarid area Groundwater Hydrogeology Water management Watershed 



The author is grateful to Dr. S. P. Sinha Ray of the Centre for Groundwater Studies, Kolkata, for his constant encouragement in preparing this write-up. The article draws extensively from various seminar and workshop proceedings of the Geological Society of India, edited by the author, and also from the author’s keynote address in the National Seminar on Green Earth (2012) organized by the Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology and Indian Geological Congress and various other publications, which are gratefully acknowledged.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subhajyoti Das
    • 1
  1. 1.Geological Society of IndiaBangaloreIndia

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