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Interrelationship Between Surface and Groundwater: The Case of West Bengal

  • Kalyan Rudra
Chapter

Abstract

The interrelationship between surface and groundwater in West Bengal has not been properly studied. Even the water management planning often suffers from inadequate knowledge at official level. This paper gives an estimate of water resource of West Bengal. The groundwater in West Bengal has been depleting fast. It has been observed that groundwater is depleting at 25.5 cm/year in 296 blocks. This is due to over-exploitation of groundwater to ensure irrigation in bodo(dry variety paddy) season. The situation is further aggravated due to climate change. The farmers are often troubled due to delayed onset of monsoon and decline in monsoon rainfall. We need to formulate a policy to cope with the changing scenario.

Keywords

Groundwater Depletion Irrigation Ecology 

References

  1. CGWB (2001) Ground water year book of West Bengal (1999–2000), pp 11–12Google Scholar
  2. CGWB (2006) Dynamic ground water resources of India (as on March 2004). Central Ground Water Board, Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India, FaridabadGoogle Scholar
  3. Govt. of West Bengal (1987) Report of the expert committee on irrigation, pp 1–27Google Scholar
  4. Rudra K (2009) Water resource and its quality in West Bengal. WBPCBGoogle Scholar
  5. Rudra K (2015) Pachimbanger Jalsampad/Sankater Utsyasandhane (in Bengali). Sahaitya Samsad, KolkataGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kalyan Rudra
    • 1
  1. 1.West Bengal Pollution Control BoardCalcuttaIndia

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