Advertisement

Mirroring Fathers for Children: A Content Analysis of English and Marathi Picture Stories

  • Prachee Joeg
  • Sneha Joshi
  • Rajalakshmi SriramEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

A statement too often heard and repeated is that ‘we need to socialize children to move beyond stereotyping of gender by changing children’s images of gender roles.’ Children’s stories are an important medium to observe what messages are passed on to them. This chapter is an outcome of two content analysis studies that focused on understanding a father’s portrayals in children’s literature. The first is a Marathi comic strip titled ‘Chintoo’ published by Sakal newspaper since 1991, in 16 volumes, of which a purposive sample of 928 strips has been drawn. The second set comprises of purposively chosen 90 English picture stories from Champak, Tinkle and bedtime stories published between 1995 and 2011 that cover various themes and are recommended as suitable for 3–12-year-old children. The content analysis will highlight the types of fathers portrayed, areas of a father’s involvement and the nature of the relationship that fathers share with the child. The findings highlight the emerging role of a father as a companion to the child, who is also involved in providing nurturance.

Keywords

Father’s portrayal Children’s stories Comic strip Content analysis 

References

  1. Adams, M., Walker, C., & O’Connell, P. (2011). Invisible or involved fathers? A content analysis of representations of parenting in young Children’s Picturebooks in the UK. Sex Roles, 65(3–4), 259–270.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-011-0011-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson, D. A., & Hamilton, M. (2005, February). Gender role stereotyping of parents in children’s picture books: The invisible father. Sex Roles, 52(3–4), 145–151.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-005-1290-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Apte, M. L. (1998). Home as the extension of self in Marathi autobiographies. In I. Glushkova & A. Feldhaus (Eds.), House and home in Maharashtra (pp. 142–152). New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Barcus, F. E. (1963). The world of Sunday comics. In F. E. Barcus, D. M. White, & R. H. Abel (Eds.), The funnies: An American idiom (pp. 190–218). New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  5. Chakravarthy, U. (2000). The social and familial relationships from Rigveda to Vedangas. Pune: Centre for Advanced Study in Sanskrit.Google Scholar
  6. Chaudhary, N. (2013). The father’s role in the Indian family. In D. Shwalb, B. Shwalb, & M. E. Lamb (Eds.), Fathers in cultural context (pp. 68–94). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Chintoo. (2016). Retrieved from http://chintoo.com/.
  8. Kakar, S. (2010, February 13). Father and son: The equation is changing. The Hindu. Retrieved from http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/opinion/edit-page/Father-Son-The-Equation-Is-Changing/articleshow/5565453.cms.
  9. Kok, J. L. Y., & Findlay, B. (2006). An exploration of sex-role stereotyping in Australian award-winning children’s picture books. The Australian Library Journal, 55(3), 248–261.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00049670.2006.10721857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. LaRossa, R. (1988). Fatherhood and social change. Family Relations, 37(4), 451–457. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/584119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. LaRossa, R., Jaret, C., Gadgil, M., & Wynn, G. (2000, May). The changing culture of fatherhood in comic-strip families: A six-decade analysis. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(2), 375–387. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1566746.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ohashi, Y. (2011). Representations of fathers, mothers, and parent-figures in Japanese children’s literature: A content analysis. Ann Arbor: ProQuest LLC.Google Scholar
  13. Pandit, C., & Wadekar, P. (2009). Rangit Chintoo (Vols. 1–16). Pune: Sakal Publications.Google Scholar
  14. Quinn, S. M. (2006). Examining the culture of fatherhood in American childrens’ literature: Presence, interactions and nurturing behaviors of fathers in Caldecott award winning picture books (1938–2002). Fathering, 4(1), 71–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Roopnarine, J. L., Talukder, E., Jain, D., Joshi, P., & Srivastav, P. (1990). Characteristics of holding, patterns of play, and social behaviors between parents and infants in New Delhi, India. Developmental Psychology, 26(4), 667–673.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Saenger, G. (1963). Male and female relations in the American comics strip. In D. M. White & R. H. Abel (Eds.), The funnies: An American idiom (pp. 219–231). New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  17. Sawai, A. (2009). The complex Maharashtrian. Retrieved from: http://www.openthemagazine.com/article/living/the-complex-maharashtrian.
  18. Sriram, R., & Sandhu, K. G. (2013). Fathering to ensure child’s success: What do urban Indian fathers do? Journal of Family Issues, 34(2), 161–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Trepanier-Street, M.L., & Romatowski, J.A. (1999). The influence of children’s literature on gender role perceptions: A reexamination. Early Childhood Education Journal, 26(3), 155–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wadekar, C. (2015). Sansmarniya Sangat. Mukatapeeth, e-sakal. Retrieved February 26, 2017, from: http://epaper3.esakal.com/21Nov2015/Enlarge/PuneCity/Pune1Today/page9.htm.
  21. Yasumoto, S., & La Rossa, R. (2010). The culture of fatherhood in Japanese comic strips: A historical analysis. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 41(4), 611–627. Retrieved February 16, 2017, from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41604570.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychologist and Freelance ResearcherPuneIndia
  2. 2.Early Childhood DevelopmentMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Human Development and Family Studies, M.S. University of BarodaVadodaraIndia

Personalised recommendations