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Re-examination of the “Recommendations on a Social Security System” of 1950

  • Yoneyuki Sugita
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter analyzes the origin and significance of the “Recommendation on Social Security System,” drafted by the Advisory Council on the Social Security System in October 1950. It was essentially a comprehensive social security plan, a culmination of a series of progressive social security schemes considered during the Allied occupation. Many previous studies consider this recommendation a monumental work in Japanese social security history. However, the Dodge Line had already shattered any possibility of realizing the recommendation. With the government basically ignoring the ideals and objectives of the 1950 Recommendation, none of its elements were implemented. At the end of 1950, Japan continued to rely on ad hoc measures with regard to medical insurance programs, as the medical insurance system became more broadly based and lacked central government policy to guide it.

Keywords

Recommendations on a social security system of 1950 Advisory council on the social security system Supreme commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) Dodge Line Health Insurance National Health Insurance Social insurance Public assistance 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Osaka UniversityOsakaJapan

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