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Isolation from the International Community and a State of “Let a Hundred Schools of Thought Contend” Under the Allied Occupation

  • Yoneyuki Sugita
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter deals with the medical insurance developments in the early period of the Allied occupation of Japan. Japan was isolated from the international society, but protected by the Allied Powers, a qualitatively different status from previous periods. Under this circumstance, Japanese leaders were able to devise idealistic and “democratic” medical insurance plans. In addition, Japan received different and diverse medical insurance schemes from Great Britain and the USA. In a figurative manner, Japan was in a state of “let a hundred schools of thought contend” in terms of medical insurance or social security in general.

Keywords

Allied occupation Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) Ministry of Health and Welfare Public assistance Beveridge Report MacArthur Douglas Advisory Committee on Labor Public Health and Welfare (PHW) Sams Crawford F Social Security Study Group Social Insurance Investigation Committee Wandel Report American Medical Association Daily Life Security Law 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Osaka UniversityOsakaJapan

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