Advertisement

The Nuclear Energy Debate in the European Union

  • Swati Prabhu
  • Gulshan Sachdeva
Chapter

Abstract

Against a backdrop of a strong global discourse on mitigating climate change and adopting a cohesive environmental policy, the debate on nuclear power is becoming increasingly important. As part of the fall-out of the oil crisis in the 1970s, nuclear energy emerged as a major game-changer in Europe, critically highlighting the need to achieve energy security. At present, the European Union (EU) is largely divided when it comes to employing nuclear energy as a long-term solution for cutting emissions. Swati Prabhu and Gulshan Sachdeva examine the ongoing nuclear energy debate in the EU and the consequent public reaction it faces in different member states. They also attempt to analyse the nuclear policy pursued by India, and the possibilities for cooperation with the country’s European partners.

Keywords

European Union Nuclear energy Climate change Energy Union Fukushima Euratom 

References

  1. Bahgat, G. (2006). Europe’s Energy Security: Challenges and Opportunities. International Affairs, 82, 961–975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beilecki, J. (2008). The European Union’s Energy Security Challenges. CRS Report for Congress.Google Scholar
  3. Birchfield, V. L., & Duffield, J. S. (Eds.). (2011). Towards a Common European Union Energy Policy: Problems, Progress, and Prospects. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  4. Central Electricity Authority. (2017). All India Electricity Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.cea.nic.in/reports/others/planning/pdm/2017.pdf.
  5. Commission of the European Communities. (1995, December 13). An Energy Policy for the European Union. White Paper COM (95) 682 Final, Brussels.Google Scholar
  6. Corner, A., Venables, D., Spence, A., Poortinga, W., Demski, C., & Pidgeon, N. (2011). Nuclear Power, Climate Change and Energy Security: Exploring British Public Attitudes. Energy Policy, 39(9), 423–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Department of Communication, Climate Action & Environment. (2018). Nuclear Energy. Retrieved from https://www.dccae.gov.ie/enie/environment/topics/environmental-radiation/nuclear/Pages/default.aspx.
  8. de Esteban, F. (2002). The Future of Nuclear Energy in the European Union. Deputy Director-General, Directorate for Energy and Transport, European Commission.Google Scholar
  9. Ebinger, C. (2016). India’s Energy and Climate Policy: Can India Meet the Challenge of Industrialization and Climate Change? Washington: The Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
  10. Energy Watch Group. (2007). Coal: Resources and Future Production. Berlin.Google Scholar
  11. EURATOM. (1957). Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community. Brussels.Google Scholar
  12. European Commission. (2012). Energy Roadmap 2050. Text of the European Commission’s Communication “Energy Roadmap 2050” (COM (2011) 885 Final of 15 December 2011, Luxembourg.Google Scholar
  13. European Commission. (2015). Factsheet on Nuclear Energy. BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  14. European Nuclear Society. (2017). Nuclear Power Plants in Europe. Retrieved September 11, 2017, from http://www.euronuclear.org/info/encyclopedia/n/nuclear-power-plant-europe.htm.
  15. Eurostat. (2017). Energy Statistics: Supply, Transformation and Consumption. Brussels.Google Scholar
  16. FORATOM. (2014). EU Nuclear Energy Policy Forecast 2014. Brussels.Google Scholar
  17. Grover, R. B. (2017). Resurgence of Nuclear Power in India. In N. Janardhanan et al. (Eds.), Resurgence of Nuclear Power: Challenges and Opportunities for Asia (Vol. 3, p. 22). Singapore: Springer.Google Scholar
  18. Herbst, A. M., & Hopley, G. W. (2007). Nuclear Energy Now: Why the Time Has Come for the World’s Most Misunderstood Energy Source. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  19. IEA. (2008). European Union Is Leading on Climate Change and Energy Policies, But Needs to Increase Funding for Energy Research and Development. Press Release. Retrieved from http://www.iea.org/newsroomandevents/pressreleases/2008/september/name,20250,en.html.
  20. IEA. (2016). World Energy Investment Outlook: World Energy Outlook Special Report. Paris: OECD/IEA.Google Scholar
  21. IEA. (2017). A World in Transformation: World Energy Outlook. Paris: OECD/IEA.Google Scholar
  22. INDC. (2015). India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution: Working Towards Climate Justice. Retrieved from http://www4.unfccc.int/ndcregistry/PublishedDocuments/India%20First/INDIA%20INDC%20TO%20UNFCCC.pdf.
  23. Ipsos. (2012). After Fukushima: Global Opinion on Energy Policy. Retrieved from https://www.ipsos.com/sites/default/files/publication/1970-01/ipsossri-after-fukushima-march-2012.pdf.
  24. Kalicki, J. H., & Goldwyn, D. L. (2013). Energy and Security: Strategies for a World in Transition. Woodrow Wilson Centre Press. John Hopkins University.Google Scholar
  25. Khandekar, G. (2017). EU-India Relations Come Full-Circle. EurActiv. Retrieved December 31, 2017, from https://www.euractiv.com/section/global-europe/opinion/eu-india-relations-come-full-circle/.
  26. Nuttall, W. (2010). Nuclear Energy in the Enlarged European Union. In F. Lévêque (Ed.), Security of Energy Supply in Europe (p. 314). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  27. Prabhu, S. (2016). Chinese Nuclear Renaissance at Hinkley Point: A Perspective. IndraStra Global 002, 10: 0027. Retrieved from http://www.indrastra.com/2016/10/OPINION-Chinese-Nuclear-Renaissance-at-Hinkley-Point-A-Perspective-002-10-2016-0027.html. ISSN: 2381-3652.
  28. Prabhu, S. (2018). Here Comes the Sun. The Telegraph. Retrieved March 31, 2018, from https://www.telegraphindia.com/opinion/here-comes-the-sun-213107.
  29. Sethi, M. (2010). The Nuclear Energy Imperative: Addressing Energy Poverty, Energy Security, and Climate Change in India. India Infrastructure Report, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Taylor, S. (2007). Privatization and Financial Collapse in the Nuclear Industry: The Origins and Causes of the British Energy Crisis of 2002. Abingdon: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. The Economic Times. (2018). India & France Agree to Step up Cooperation in Space Technology. Retrieved March 31, 2018, from https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/india-france-agree-to-step-up-cooperation-in-space-tech/articleshow/63247541.cms.
  32. Uranium Information Center. (2017). Safety of Nuclear Power Reactors. Nuclear Issues Briefing Paper 14. Retrieved April 2017, from http://www.uic.com.au/nip14.htm.
  33. World Nuclear Association. (2013). The Global Nuclear Fuel Market: Supply and Demand 2013–2030. London: WNA.Google Scholar
  34. World Nuclear Association. (2018). Nuclear Energy in Sweden. Retrieved from http://www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/countryprofiles/countries-o-s/sweden.aspx.
  35. YouGov. (2012). Nuclear Energy Polarises Opinion. Retrieved from https://yougov.co.uk/news/2012/03/08/nuclear-energy-polarises-opinion/.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Swati Prabhu
    • 1
  • Gulshan Sachdeva
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for European Studies, School of International StudiesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations