Benign Tracheal/Bronchial Stenosis
Benign stenosis of the trachea and bronchi presents with symptoms such as productive (wet/chesty) cough and dyspnea, and limits the patient’s working capacity and quality of life. Severe cases may even result in respiratory failure and death. In the Western world, benign tracheal stenosis is a complication of tracheal intubation, tracheal surgery, lung transplantation, and other related factors . In China, benign stenosis is mainly due to endobronchial tuberculosis ; however, the incidence of iatrogenic benign tracheal stenosis is rising, with the development of modern medicine, and increasing use of tracheal intubation, tracheotomy, and other types of respiratory intensive rescue technology .
- 1.Li Y, Yao XP, Bai C, et al. Therapeutic efficacy analysis of bronchoscopic interventional therapy on severe tuberculous main bronchial stenosis complicated with unilateral atelectasis. Chin J Tuberculosis Respir Dis. 2011;34(6):454–8.Google Scholar
- 2.Han XW, Wu G, Ma J, et al. The technique study and primary clinical application of inverted Y-shaped self-expandable metal airway stent. J Interv Radiol. 2007;16(2):92–4.Google Scholar
- 3.Wu X. Stenting of major airway constriction. J Interv Radiol. 2002;11(4):278–80.Google Scholar
- 4.Wang H, Zhang H. Diagnosis and endoluminal treatment of central airway stenosis. Chin J Lung Cancer. 2011;14(9):739.Google Scholar
- 5.Yuan T, Qin H, Guo-Kun AO, et al. Implantation of inverted Y-shaped metal stent in treatment of tracheobronchial malacia induced by relapsing polychondritis. Chin J Interv Imaging Ther. 2010;7(5):539–42.Google Scholar