Phycoremediation: Can It Address Major Issues in Conventional Systems?

  • V. Sivasubramanian


Conventional treatment systems employ huge amounts of hazardous chemicals in the treatment of industrial and domestic waste waters. A variety of chemicals are added to the effluent to manage the major parameters, which causes more problems during disposal. In majority of textile and leather industries, water is recycled through R/O process. The R/O reject disposal is a major issue, and installation of multiple-effect evaporators (MEE) is recommended which is more expensive and energy-intensive. Can treatment technologies employing algae provide alternate viable solutions to these and other problems faced by conventional systems? This is the question which will be answered through this article.


Toxic components Neutralization Sludge reduction Optimization 


  1. 1.
    Sivasubramanian V (2016) Phycoremediation and business prospects. In: Prasad MNV (ed) Bioremediation and bioeconomy. Elsevier Inc, pp 421–456Google Scholar
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    Sivasubramanian V, Subramanian VV, Leela Priya T, Murali R (2010) Application of pulsed magnetic field in improving the quality of algal biomass. J Algal Biomass Utln 1(4):1–9Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Sivasubramanian
    • 1
  1. 1.Phycospectrum Environmental Research Centre (PERC)ChennaiIndia

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