(Column 1) New Pathways to Economic Participation? Youth, Labour Policy and Entrepreneurship in Japan

  • Tuukka ToivonenEmail author
  • Agata Kapturkiewicz
Part of the Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (EDAP, volume 46)


This column discusses two new pathways to economic participation by youth in Japan that run through youth employment support services and startup communities. These emerging pathways provide alternative possibilities for youth who are navigating changing employment landscapes and opportunity structures in an era when smooth transitions to permanent employment have become complex. The “new” pathways to economic participation described are juxtaposed with a critical analysis of policy efforts to “bring youth back to work” and the blind spots of relevant policies. The column highlights the importance of endorsing several alternative routes to economic participation and personal success (rather than trying to fit everyone into one template of lifetime employment) and points to new research opportunities in following and tracing diverse youth, in a longitudinal fashion, as they explore original pathways through changing landscapes and opportunity structures.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.University of OxfordOxfordUK

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