Democratising the Language of Feminist Expression: English and Bhasha Contexts of Indian Women’s Writing
Bharti Arora’s paper explores how women’s writing across linguistic, regional, caste and/or communal divide engages with the task of knowledge production in contemporary times. In fact, in what ways does one ensure that the alternative knowledge production by women is neither biased nor does it reproduce the sociocultural and economic hierarchies embedded in the structures of the nation-state? How does the category of ‘mainstream’ feminism impinge on the production of a Dalit feminist standpoint? The present paper deals with these issues, emphasising the need to foster dialogue among the diverse contexts of Indian women’s writing. The paper goes on to establish that English language and translation could play a seminal role in constructing an alternative engagement with women’s productivity and rights.
KeywordsWomen writing Translation Solidarisation of difference Dialogue
- Begum, S. (2014). In conversation with the Tamil Author, Salma. Cafe dissensus every day. Accessed from: https://cafedissensusblog.com/2014/06/07/in-conversation-with-the-tamil-author-salma/. Accessed on 07 Sep. 2015.
- Faustina, B. (2005). Sangati. (L. Holmstrom, Trans.). Delhi: Zubaan.Google Scholar
- Guru, G. (2003). Dalit women talk differently. In A. Rao (Ed.), Gender and caste (pp. 80–85). Delhi: Kali for Women.Google Scholar
- Guru, G. (2012). Egalitarianism and the social sciences in India. In G. Guru & S. Sarukkai (Eds.), The cracked mirror: An Indian debate on experience and theory (pp. 9–28). Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Hasan, Z. (Ed.). (1994). Forging identities: Gender, communities and the state. Delhi: Kali for Women.Google Scholar
- Holmström, L. (2005). Introduction. In Sangati by Bama. (L. Holmström, Trans.). xi–xxiii. Delhi: OUP.Google Scholar
- Kesavamurthy, K. (2010). Caste, gender and sexuality: On the figure of The Dalit woman in P. Sivakami’s fiction. Lecture Centre for Race and Gender, University of California, Berkeley. Accessed from: http://crg.berkeley.edu/content/caste-gender-and-sexuality-figure-dalit-woman-p-sivakami%E2%80%99s-fiction
- Kothari, R. (2013). Caste in a casteless language?: English as a language of ‘Dalit’ expression. Economic and Political Weekly, 48(39), 60–68.Google Scholar
- Kumar, R. (1993). The history of doing. Delhi: Kali for Women.Google Scholar
- Louis, P. (2007). Dalit Christians: Betrayed by state and church. Economic and Political Weekly, 42(16), 1404–1408.Google Scholar
- Madhukar, Lata Pratibha (2015). Silenced by Manu and ‘Mainstream’ feminism: Dalit-Bahujan women and their history. (M. Rode & N. Shobhana, Trans.). Accessed from https://roundtableindia.co.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=8177:silenced-by-manu-and-mainstream-feminism-dalit-bahujan-women-and-their-history&catid=120:gender&Itemid=133. Accessed 14 June 2015.
- Margaret, S. (2005). Dalit feminism. Accessed from https://www.countercurrents.org/feminism-margaret030605.htm. Accessed 14 June 2015.
- Nayar, P. K. (2011). Subalternity and translation: The cultural apparatus of human rights. Economic and Political Weekly, 46(9), 23–26.Google Scholar
- Paranjape, M. (2010). Vernacularizing the ‘Master’ tongue: Indian English and its contexts. In M. Paranjape & G. J. V. Prasad (Eds.), In Indian English and Vernacular India (pp. 91–110). New Delhi: Pearson.Google Scholar
- Rege, S. (1998). Dalit women talk differently: A critique of ‘Difference’ and towards a Dalit feminist standpoint position. Economic and Political Weekly, 33(44), WS 39–WS 46.Google Scholar
- Sangari, K. (1991). Discussion. Women writing in India. By Susie Tharu. Journal of Arts and Ideas, 20–21, 49–66.Google Scholar
- Sangari, K. (2008). Politics of diversity: Religious communities and multiple patriarchies. In M. E. John (Ed.), Women’s studies in India (pp. 515–522). Delhi: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
- Sharma, K. (Ed.). (2012). Changing the terms of the discourse: Gender, equality and the Indian State. Delhi: Pearson.Google Scholar
- Subramaniam, A. (2006). Salma. Poetry International Rotterdam. Accessed from: www.poetryinternationalweb.net/pi/site/poet/item/8126/27/Salma. Accessed on 4 May 2015.
- Sunder Rajan, R. (2008). English literary studies, women’s studies and feminism in India. Economic and Political Weekly, 43(43), 66–71.Google Scholar
- Tharu, S., & Lalita, K. (Eds.). (1991). Women writing in India: 600 B.C. to the early twentieth century vol-I. New Delhi: OUP.Google Scholar
- Tharu, S., & Lalita, K. (Eds.). (1993). Women writing in India vol- II: The 20th century. New Delhi: OUP.Google Scholar
- Tharu, S., & Satyanarayana, K. (2013). Introduction. In S. Tharu & K. Satyanarayana (Eds.), Steel nibs are sprouting: New Dalit writing from South India, dossier II (pp. 1–54). Noida: Harper Collins Publishers.Google Scholar
- Turner, E. (2014). Reconciling feminist and anti-caste analyses in studies of Indian Dalit-Bahujan women. Intersections: Gender and sexuality in Asia and the Pacific. 34. Accessed from: intersections.anu.edu.au/issue34/turner.htm. Accessed on 7 Sep 2015.