The Journey of English in India: Experiments, Contradictions and the Tribal / Dalit Question



This paper problematises the introduction and journey of a colonial language in a country that was already dealing with internal layers of colonisation on the grounds of caste, class and gender in a heterogeneous cultural geography. It sites, historically, the paradoxical consequences of various hierarchic issues like the varna system, the Dalit’s claim to social position and the tribal struggle, within various power structures, and the government responses to these questions with reference to the study of English as a language. The paper also analyses the possible fallouts of such a scenario.


English studies Dalit and English studies Tribal and English studies India and English studies Varna system 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EnglishPatna Women’s CollegePatnaIndia

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