Analyzing Effect of Meditation Using Higher Order Crossings and Functional Connectivity

  • Shruti PhutkeEmail author
  • Narendra Jadhav
  • Ramchandra Manthalkar
  • Yashwant Joshi
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 810)


People are experiencing difficulties in adapting to the rapid changes in work and social fabric due to the evolution of advanced technologies in everyday life. Health and well-being of an individual in the existing world is important for proper living. Meditation improves the adaptability of an individual to live a healthy and social life. To verify this, an experiment is designed with the simple meditation practice called Focused Attention for 8 weeks. The brain activity is recorded of 11 subjects using EMOTIV EPOC+ EEG device before (pre-meditation) and after (post-meditation) meditation. Features called Higher Order Crossings and Functional Connectivity are used to analyze the effect of meditation. The results indicated a decrease in HOC values for frontal, parietal, and occipital lobes and increase in HOC of temporal lobe. The interhemispheric connectivity increased after meditation practice.


Meditation EEG Higher order crossings Functional connectivity 



The work reported in this chapter is approved by the ethical approval committee of SGGSIE&T, Nanded. The committee consist of Dr. Mrs. S. S. Shinde (Chairperson), Dr. S. T. Hamde, Dr. R. R. Manthalkar, Prof. A. K. Dhaolwe, Prof. A. K. Dhadve.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shruti Phutke
    • 1
    Email author
  • Narendra Jadhav
    • 1
  • Ramchandra Manthalkar
    • 1
  • Yashwant Joshi
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of Excellence in Signal and Image Processing, Shri Guru Gobind Singhji Institute of Engineering and TechnologyNandedIndia

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