• Yuanyuan Liu
  • Hua Yan
Part of the Ocular Trauma book series (OCTRA)


Ocular trauma (OT) is an important preventable cause of blindness and visual impairment in the world, with approximately 55 million occurred annually and high risk to permanent visual impairment with long-term disabilities. In addition, different subtypes of ocular trauma resulted from various sources may result in different complications, in which surgery might be required and greater vision loss caused. Hence it is of great significance to make a consensus on the basic concept of ocular trauma, aiming to have a better analysis and efficient medical treatment for ocular trauma in the clinic. This chapter is dedicated to give a comprehensive introduction about terminology, epidemiology, uniformed classification, source, and score of ocular trauma.


Ocular trauma BETT OTS 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuanyuan Liu
    • 1
  • Hua Yan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyTianjin Medical University General HospitalTianjinChina

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