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Muscle Atrophy pp 393-412 | Cite as

Muscle Atrophy in Chronic Kidney Disease

  • Jociane Schardong
  • Miriam Allein Zago Marcolino
  • Rodrigo Della Méa PlentzEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1088)

Abstract

The renal damage and loss of kidney function that characterize chronic kidney disease (CKD) cause several complex systemic alterations that affect muscular homeostasis, leading to loss of muscle mass and, ultimately, to muscle atrophy. CKD-induced muscle atrophy is highly prevalent and, in association with common CKD comorbidities, is responsible for the reduction of physical capacity, functional independence, and an increase in the number of hospitalizations and mortality rates. Thus, this chapter summarizes current knowledge about the complex interactions between CKD factors and the pathophysiological mechanisms that induce muscle atrophy that, despite growing interest, are not yet fully understood. The current treatments of CKD-induced muscle atrophy are multidisciplinary, including correction of metabolic acidosis, nutritional supplementation, reducing insulin resistance, administration of androgenic steroids, resisted and aerobic exercise, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, and inspiratory muscle training. However, further studies are still needed to strengthen the comprehension of CKD-induced muscle atrophy and the better treatment strategies.

Keywords

Chronic kidney disease Muscle atrophy Pathophysiological mechanisms Treatment 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jociane Schardong
    • 1
  • Miriam Allein Zago Marcolino
    • 2
  • Rodrigo Della Méa Plentz
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Graduate Program in Health SciencesUniversidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA)Porto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Graduate Program in Rehabilitation SciencesUniversidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA)Porto AlegreBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Physical TherapyUniversidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFCSPA)Porto AlegreBrazil

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