Chemical Control of Culex quinquefasciatus (Say, 1823), the Principal Vector of Bancroftian Filariasis, with Emphasis on Resistance Development Against Insecticides in India

  • T. Mariappan
  • B. K. Tyagi


Lymphatic filariasis is under the era of elimination from many countries including India. India has contributed towards the control of disease through various methods including chemotherapy and vector control with main emphasis on larvicides against vectors. Several groups of larvicides including carbamates, organochlorines, organophosphorus and pyrethroids have been used against vector Culex quinquefasciatus for several decades, and the development of resistance to various compounds was documented in several published articles. However, the present review is aiming to highlight resistance development in Cx. quinquefasciatus against insecticides in India. Also the mosaic pattern of application of various insecticides, essential in order to delay the resistance against a particular compound, is emphasized upon. The in-depth review leads to conclude that not only the chemical insecticides but also other compounds, namely, biocides like plant extracts need to be used in a continuous process to reduce the vector population.



We wish to express our thanks to Shri. V. Rajamannar, Senior Technical staff, and Miss. S. Karthigai Selvi, Technical staff of CRME, for their technical assistance.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Mariappan
    • 1
  • B. K. Tyagi
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Research in Medical Entomology (ICMR)MaduraiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental BiotechnologyBharathidasan UniversityTiruchirapalliIndia

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