Advertisement

Diversity

  • Ilan Wiesel
Chapter
Part of the The Contemporary City book series (TCONTCI)

Abstract

Examining the intersection of social class and ethnicity, in this chapter, I discuss the growing presence of wealthy Chinese residents and investors in Toorak and Mosman in recent years, and how it challenges their identification by many long-standing Anglo-Australian residents as ‘European villages’. The analysis highlights feelings of resentment and angst that are increasingly expressed through local urban planning conflicts related to density and heritage in residential development. But I also explore some of the practices and discourses through which residents seek to build new shared identities that overcome ethnic and other differences within the elite.

References

  1. Alba, R. D., & Moore, G. (1982). Ethnicity in the American elite. American Sociological Review, 47, 373–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. André, R. (1995). Diversity in executive networks: A national study of women’s representation in private sector economic development. Journal of Managerial Issues, 7, 306–322.Google Scholar
  3. Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). (2017). 2016 Census QuickStats: Mosman. http://quickstats.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2016/quickstat/SSC12738?opendocument. Accessed 25 July 2018.
  4. Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU). (2011). A national survey of knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of wealth inequality and progressive taxation. http://apo.org.au/files/Resource/actu_report_inequality_and_progressive_taxation.pdf
  5. Beaverstock, J. V. (2005). Transnational elites in the city: British highly-skilled inter-company transferees in New York City’s financial district. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 31(2), 525–538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carroll, W. K. (2009). Transnationalists and national networkers in the global corporate elite. Global Networks, 9(3), 289–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cornwell, B., & Doshkin, F. A. (2014). The power of integration: Affiliation and cohesion in a diverse elite network. Social Forces, 93(2), 803–831.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cousin, B., & Chauvin, S. (2014). Globalizing forms of elite sociability: Varieties of cosmopolitanism in Paris social clubs. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 37(12), 2209–2225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dollar, D. (2007). Asian century or multi-polar century? (Vol. 4174). Washington, DC: World Bank Publications.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Domhoff, G. W. (2005). Who rules America? Power, politics, and social change (5th ed.). New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  11. Dunn, K. (2004). Islam in Sydney: Contesting the discourse of absence. Australian Geographer, 35(3), 333–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Edling, C., Farkas, G., & Rydgren, J. (2013). Women in power: Sex differences in Swedish local elite networks. Acta Sociologica, 56, 21–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gowricharn, R. (2001). Introduction: Ethnic minorities and elite formation. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 2(2), 155–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hage, G. (2002). Multiculturalism and white paranoia in Australia. Journal of International Migration and Integration / Revue de l’integration et de la migration internationale, 3(3–4), 417–437.Google Scholar
  15. Helbling, M., & Teney, C. (2015). The cosmopolitan elite in Germany: Transnationalism and postmaterialism. Global Networks, 15(4), 446–468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kaag, M. (2013). Transnational elite formation: The Senegalese Murid community in Italy. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 39(9), 1425–1439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kendall, D. (2008). Members only: Elite clubs and the process of exclusion. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  18. Knowles, C., & Burrows, R. (2017). Reimagining Chinese London. In R. Burdett & S. Hall (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of the 21st century city (pp. 87–103). London: SAGE.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ogmunsdon, R., & McLaughlin, J. (1992). Trends in the ethnic origins of Canadian elites: The decline of the BRITS? Canadian Review of Sociology & Anthropology, 29(2), 227–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Paris, C. (2017). The super-rich and transnational housing markets: Asians buying Australian housing. In Cities and the super-rich (pp. 63–83). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Robertson, S., & Rogers, D. (2017). Education, real estate, immigration: Brokerage assemblages and Asian mobilities. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 43(14), 2393–2407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rogers, D., & Dufty-Jones, R. (2015). 21st-century Australian housing: New frontiers in the Asia-Pacific. In Housing in 21st-century Australia: People practices and policies (pp. 221–236). Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  23. Rogers, D., & Koh, S. Y. (2017). The globalisation of real estate: The politics and practice of foreign real estate investment. International Journal of Housing Policy, 17(1), 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rogers, D., Wong, A., & Nelson, J. (2017). Public perceptions of foreign and Chinese real estate investment: Intercultural relations in Global Sydney. Australian Geographer, (Online Pre-print), 1–19.Google Scholar
  25. Shaw, W. S. (2011). Cities of whiteness. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  26. Souter, G. G. (1993). Mosman: A history. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.Google Scholar
  27. The Age. (2018, January 27). “This is different rich…It’s crazy”: The Chinese riding the spending boom. https://www.theage.com.au/world/asia/this-is-different-richits-crazy-the-chinese-riding-the-spending-boom-20171222-h09g75.html. Accessed 16 Feb 2018.
  28. Useem, M. (1984). The inner circle: Large corporation and the rise of business political activity in the U.S. and U.K. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Vianello, M., & Moore, G. (2004). Women and men in political and business elites: A comparative study in the industrialized world. Thousand Oaks: SAGE.Google Scholar
  30. Wong, A. (2017). Transnational real estate in Australia: New Chinese diaspora, media representation and urban transformation in Sydney’s Chinatown. International Journal of Housing Policy, 17(1), 97–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zweigenhaft, R. L. (2001). Diversity in the United States power elite. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 2(2), 267–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zweigenhaft, R. L., & Domhoff, G. W. (2006). Diversity in the power elite: How it happened, why it matters. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilan Wiesel
    • 1
  1. 1.School of GeographyUniversity of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia

Personalised recommendations