Nursing Care of Children with Liver Disease/Transplantation in Intensive Care

  • T. Ravikumar


In the critical care setting, poor oral hygiene has been associated with increased dental plaque accumulation, bacterial colonization of the oropharynx, and higher nosocomial infection rates, particularly ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP).

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Ravikumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Advanced Paediatrics, Dr. Rela Institute and Medical CentreChennaiIndia

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