The Mechanism of Low-Temperature Tolerance in Fish

  • Kiyoshi SoyanoEmail author
  • Yuji Mushirobira
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1081)


In this chapter, we cover the life history of fish in low-temperature environments, including their overwintering behavior and the physiological mechanisms by which they maintain life in cold environments, based on research to date. There is relatively little research on low-temperature tolerance of fish, compared with research on this phenomenon in mammals and birds, which are also vertebrates, and the mechanisms in fish have not been fully elucidated. First, we cover the life history of fish that overwinter by entering dormancy or hibernation. Next, we describe the mechanism that controls body temperature in fish that survive low-temperature environments. Finally, we introduce the physiological mechanisms for survival in extremely low-temperature environments, particularly antifreeze proteins.


Dormancy Hibernation Ectothermic fish Endothermic fish Heat exchange Antifreeze glycoprotein (AFGP) Antifreeze protein (AFP) 



Adrenocorticotropic hormone


Antifreeze glycoprotein


Antifreeze protein


Cell division cycle protein 48


Growth hormone


Gonadotropic hormone


Low density lipoprotein receptor


Muscle oxygen consumption


Melanophore-stimulating hormone




Sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase




Thyroid hormone


Thyroid-stimulating hormone


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for East China Sea Research, Organization for Marine Science and TechnologyNagasaki UniversityNagasakiJapan

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