Mechanisms Underlying Freezing and Desiccation Tolerance in Bryophytes

  • Daisuke TakezawaEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1081)


Bryophytes are small land plants that have many morphological and physiological features different from vascular plants. With distinct water relations of bryophytes, many bryophyte species exhibit high degrees of tolerance to freezing and desiccation. The tolerance is sustained by the constitutive repair mechanism and the inducible mechanism regulated by environmental signals that provoke specific responses within the cells. Bryophyte cells sense changes in environmental conditions such as decreases in osmotic potential and temperature and that some responses are likely to be mediated by the stress hormone, abscisic acid. Due to their simple structures and high degrees of dehydration tolerance, bryophytes are useful for physiological studies on abiotic stress response and also for analysis of signal sensing and transduction of environmental signals. Furthermore, the basal phylogenetic position of bryophytes in land plants provides many insights into the evolutionary events for conquest of land by the ancestors of plants and subsequent diversification of species as well as their survival strategies in the terrestrial environment.


Bryophytes Environmental stress Desiccation Freezing Abscisic acid 



Abscisic acid


ABA-responsive element


Dimethyl sulfoxide


Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay


Fresh weight


Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy


Late embryogenesis abundant




Protein phosphatase 2C


Photosystem II


Pyrabactin resistance/pyrabactin resistance-like/regulatory component of ABA receptor


Relative humidity


Sucrose non-fermenting1-related kinase2



This work was supported by JSPS and MEXT KAKENHI Grant Numbers 26291054, 16H01460 and 18H04774.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Science and Engineering; Institute for Environmental ScienceSaitama UniversitySakura-kuJapan

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