Shoulder Examination

  • S. Prabhakar
  • Kevin Syam


Shoulder examination comprises of examining the shoulder girdle as a whole which consists of
  1. 1.

    The sternoclavicular joint—a saddle type of joint between the medial end of the clavicle, the manubrium sterni and the first rib

  2. 2.

    The acromioclavicular joint—a plane synovial joint between the acromion process and the lateral end of the clavicle

  3. 3.

    The glenohumeral joint—a multiaxial synovial joint

  4. 4.

    The scapulothoracic articulation—comprising of the body of the scapula and the muscles over the posterior chest wall.



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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Prabhakar
    • 1
  • Kevin Syam
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of OrthopaedicsPGIMERChandigarhIndia
  2. 2.Wrightington HospitalWiganUK

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