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Knee Examination

  • Vishal Kumar
  • Rajesh Kumar Rajnish
Chapter

Abstract

The clinical examination of a knee is to evaluate following aspects:
  1. 1.

    Patello-femoral joint

     
  2. 2.

    Articular (meniscal and chondral) lesions and

     
  3. 3.

    Knee instability.

     

References

  1. 1.
    Rossi R, et al. Clinical examination of the knee: know your tools for diagnosis of knee injuries. Sports Med Arthrosc Rehabil Ther Technol. 2011;3:25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Solomon L., Karachalios T. The knee. Apley’s system of orthopaedics and fractures, chap. 20, 9th ed. London: Hodder Arnold; 2010. p. 547–85.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Miller III RH, Frederick MA, Canale ST, Beaty JH, editors. Knee injuries. Campbell’s operative orthopaedics, 12th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby; 2013. p. 2052–211.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vishal Kumar
    • 1
  • Rajesh Kumar Rajnish
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OrthopaedicsPGIMERChandigarhIndia

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