Effects of Carbon Tax on Low-Carbon and Economic Supplier Selection for Asian Assembly Product
This study proposes a low-carbon and economic supplier selection method by introducing the carbon tax and analyzes the carbon and economic impact of the carbon tax on the supply chain. First, a bill of materials including the GHG emissions and the procurement costs for each part is constructed using Asian international I/O tables, and the low-carbon and economic supplier selection with the carbon tax is formulated. Second, the suppliers for each part are selected by using integer programming with ε-constraint method to achieve both the GHG emissions and the procurement/carbon cost reduction. Finally, results of the supplier selection with the carbon tax are shown, and the effect of the carbon tax is discussed.
KeywordsGlobal warming Global supply chain Life cycle inventory database Bill of materials Carbon trading
This research was partially supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) KAKENHI, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B), JP26282082, from 2014 to 2017 and Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A), JP18H03824, from 2018 to 2019.
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