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Role of Fungi in Dye Removal

  • Rajeev KumarEmail author
  • Nikita Dhiman
  • Sushma Negi
  • I. B. Prasher
  • Chander Prakash
Chapter

Abstract

Rapid urbanization and industrialization result in the discharge of harmful and toxic waste into the water bodies which are not easy to degrade thereby causing environmental pollution. Out of so many waste discharges, dye waste is noxious for aquatic life and for human as well; therefore, removal of these toxic compounds from water is one of the major environmental concerns today. The reported methodology like chemical and physical process is often costly, requires higher energy, and is not eco-friendly. In today’s world, biological methods are trying to minimize pollution by environment-friendly way. Mycoremediation is one of the techniques which is effective and affordable for degradation and decolorization of dye-bearing effluents. The chapter concludes the potential of mycoremediation in dye removal, its mechanism, and optimizing the conditions for efficient removal of dyes.

Notes

Acknowledgment

Rajeev Kumar gratefully acknowledges the financial support for this work from the DST-SERB “SB/EMEQ-042-2014” as well as U.G.C (F. No. 194-2/2016 New Delhi, India). I.B. Prasher is thankful to U.G.C (SAP, DRS-III) in the Department of Botany for infrastructural support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajeev Kumar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nikita Dhiman
    • 1
  • Sushma Negi
    • 1
  • I. B. Prasher
    • 2
  • Chander Prakash
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environment StudiesPanjab UniversityChandigarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyPanjab UniversityChandigarhIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryM.L.S.M. CollegeSunder NagarIndia

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