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Phytobionts of Wastewater and Restitution

  • Praveen Solanki
  • Maitreyie Narayan
  • Shiv Singh Meena
  • R. K. Srivastava
  • M. L. Dotaniya
  • C. K. Dotaniya
Chapter

Abstract

Wastewater generation cannot even reduce without compromising economic and urban development; it originates mainly from point sources of water pollution and contains high concentrations of agricultural nutrients, i.e., N, P, K, S, B, etc., as well as OM, COD, BOD, and different heavy metals. These nutrients as energy source boost up the growth of phytobionts and result in enhanced phytoremediation and bioremediation of wastewater. In addition to this, nutrients and organic matter present in wastewater show tremendous potential for application in agriculture as “fertigation.” Furthermore, the huge generating wastewater needs more advanced treatment methods using phytobionts as the catalyst in the future. This chapter mainly focuses on wastewater crisis, its economic reuse for fertigation, other non-potable purposes, and bio-treatment through phytobiont-mediated phytoremediation and bioremediation to overcome the scarcity of freshwater. Later in the chapter, recycling of nutrients, metals, and organic matter through bioremediation and phytoremediation is also discussed.

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors thank the University Grant Commission (UGC) for financial support and also thank G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology (GBPUA&T), Pantnagar, for providing an academic platform to do this work.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Praveen Solanki
    • 1
  • Maitreyie Narayan
    • 1
  • Shiv Singh Meena
    • 2
  • R. K. Srivastava
    • 1
  • M. L. Dotaniya
    • 3
  • C. K. Dotaniya
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceGBPUA&TPantnagarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Soil ScienceGBPUA&TPantnagarIndia
  3. 3.ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil ScienceBhopalIndia
  4. 4.College of AgricultureSKRAUBikanerIndia

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