Removal of Gastrointestinal Foreign Body

  • Si Hyung Lee
  • Kyung Sik ParkEmail author


Foreign body ingestion in the gastrointestinal tract requires immediate medical attention. Although most ingested foreign bodies pass out spontaneously without significant problem, immediate removal is necessary if the patient is symptomatic, the foreign bodies are sharp or thick, or the foreign bodies are batteries or magnets. Endoscopic management is the most commonly used method for removal of foreign body with a high success rate and low complication rate. Strategies for endoscopic removal of foreign body vary with shape, size, consistency, and location of foreign body within the GI tract. Before and after removal of foreign body, development of complications should be carefully observed, and radiologic evaluation should be done in patients suspected of complications. The complications related to foreign body in the GI tract include mucosal abrasion, laceration, bleeding, abscess formation, necrosis, and perforation. If endoscopic removal of foreign body in the GI tract is not feasible, multidisciplinary approach is needed.


Foreign body Endoscopy Therapy Digestive system 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal MedicineYeungnam University College of MedicineDaeguSouth Korea
  2. 2.Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal MedicineKeimyung University School of MedicineDaeguSouth Korea

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