Endoscopic Treatment for Nonvariceal Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding
Nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite the improvements in the treatment modalities, mortality rates have remained at 10%. Endoscopist should know the main recommendations for the management of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Pre-endoscopic management is recommended for triage and optimal treatment of patients in guidelines and should consider a multidisciplinary management at an initial stage. Endoscopic therapy is an important therapeutic management of high-risk lesions and should not be delayed for more than 24 h after admission. Several endoscopic techniques have been developed and new modalities are emerging.
KeywordsNonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding Therapy Peptic ulcer disease
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