Advertisement

Pelvic Congestion Syndrome

  • Devendra Dekiwadia
  • Birju Patel
  • Dilip Vaghasia
Chapter

Abstract

Pelvic congestion syndrome (pelvic vein incompetence) is a chronic disorder in which a persistent pelvic and lower abdominal pain occurs with a tendency to aggravate in standing posture. Women are affected more than men.

References

  1. 1.
    Nicholson T, Basile A. Pelvic congestion syndrome, who should we treat and how? Tech Vasc Interv Radiol. 2006;9:19–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lasry JL, Copp G, Balian E. Pelvi-perineal venous insufficiency and varicose veins of the lower limbs: duplex Doppler diagnosis and endoluminal treatment in thirty females. J Mal Vasc. 2007;32:23–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    O’Brien M, Gillespie D. Diagnosis and treatment of the pelvic congestion syndrome. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 2014;3:96–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Scultetus A, Villavicencio J, Gillespie D, Kao TR, Rich N. The pelvic venous syndromes: analysis of our experience with 57 patients. J Vasc Surg. 2002;36:881–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hartung O, Grisoli D, Boufi M, Marani I, Hakam Z, Barthelemy P, et al. Endovascular stenting in the treatment of pelvic congestion syndrome caused by nutcracker syndrome: lessons learned from the first five cases. J Vasc Surg. 2005;42:275–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Loffredo V. Clinical aspects and complementary tests in pelvic congestive states. Rev Fr Gynecol Obstet. 1991;86:191–4.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Merchiers E, de Sutter P, Thiery L, Vandekerckhove D. Transvaginal ultrasonography: a profitable technic in the diagnosis and control of congestive pelvic syndrome. Phlebologie. 1991;44:395–400.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tu FF, Hahn D, Steege JF. Pelvic congestion syndrome-associated pelvic pain: a systematic review of diagnosis and management. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2010;65:332–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gandini R, Chiocchi M, Konda D, Pampana E, Fabiano S, et al. Transcatheter foam sclerotherapy of symptomatic female varicocele with sodium-tetradecyl-sulfate foam. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2008;31:778–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Liddle AD, Davies AH. Pelvic congestion syndrome: chronic pelvic pain caused by ovarian and internal iliac varices. Phlebology. 2007;22:100–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ganeshan A, Upponi S, Hon LQ, Uthappa MC, Warakaulle DR, et al. Chronic pelvic pain due to pelvic congestion syndrome: the role of diagnostic and interventional radiology. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2007;30:1105–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mutha AS, Kulkarni VR, Bhagat S, et al. An observational study to evaluate the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) and prescribing pattern of drugs and patients with ED visiting an Andrology Specialty Clinic, Mumbai: 2012-2014. J Clin Diagn Res. 2015;9(7):PC08–11.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kamoi K. Pathologic significance of the internal pudendal vein in the development of intrapelvic venous congestion syndrome. Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi. 1996;87:1214–20.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nasrat AM, Nasrat SAM, Nasrat RM, Nasrat MM. Misconception and Misbehaviour towards Helicobacter pyloriis Leading to Major Spread of Illness. Gen Med (Los Angel). 2015 S1:002. doi:10.4172/2327-5146.1000S1-002.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Farinha P, Gascoyne RD. Helicobacter pylori and MALT lymphoma. Gastroenterology. 2005;128:1579–605.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Nasrat AM. The world misconception and misbehavior towards Helicobacter pylori is leading to major spread of illness. In: The 7th Anti-Aging Medicine World Congress, Monte-Carlo, Monaco; 2009.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ascuitto G, Mumme A, Marpe B, Koster O, Ascuitto KC, Geier B. MR venography in the detection of pelvic venous congestion. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2008;36:491–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Yand DM, Kim HC, Nam DH, Jahng GH, Huh CY, Lim JW. Time-resolved MR angiography for detecting and grading ovarian venous reflux: comparison with conventional venography. Br J Radiol. 2012;85:e117–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Charles G. Congestive pelvic syndromes. Rev Fr Gynecol Obstet. 1995;90:84–90.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Said SM, Gloviczki P, Kalra M, Oderich GS, Duncan AA, Fleming M, et al. Renal nutcracker syndrome: surgical options. Semin Vasc Surg. 2013;26:35–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kwon SH, Oh JH, Ko KR, Park HC, Huh JY. Transcatheter ovarian vein embolization using coils for the treatment of pelvic congestion syndrome. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2007;30:655–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Devendra Dekiwadia
    • 1
  • Birju Patel
    • 1
  • Dilip Vaghasia
    • 1
  1. 1.Dekiwadia HospitalRajkotIndia

Personalised recommendations