‘The Horizon of the Whole’ (Against Totalitarianism and Reductivism)

  • Krzysztof Nawratek


This chapter discusses a non-dialectical and inclusive approach to contradictions. Referring to the “One Divides into Two” controversy (一分为二), I argue for a messianic inclusivism engaged with the fundamental incompleteness of every fragment, narrative, and action in the world. The chapter puts forward the idea of “the horizon of the whole” as a prosthesis allowing maintaining a tension between openness and limitations, leading to an affirmative dimension of total mobilisation.


Maoism “One divides into two” controversy Dialectic Inclusivism Hegel 

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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Krzysztof Nawratek
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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