Advertisement

Persistence of Herbicides in Rice–Maize Cropping System in Telengana and Andhra Pradesh

  • T. Ramprakash
  • M. Madhavi
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 12)

Abstract

A long-term field experiment was conducted at Hyderabad during 2008–2013 in rice–zero tillage maize system to study the persistence of herbicides in crops, soils and also to assess the impact of herbicides on soil properties. Butachlor was applied to transplanted rice as pre-emergence herbicide at 1.0 kg/ha at 3 days after transplanting and cyhalofop-P-butyl was applied as post-emergence herbicide at 20 days after transplanting at 100 g/ha. In maize, atrazine was applied as pre-emergence herbicide at 1.0 kg/ha. The herbicide residues were estimated in soil at 0, 15, 30, 45 days after application and at harvest. Soil properties (pH, EC, organic C, cation exchange capacity, texture, available N, P and K) were analyzed using standard procedures. Application of butachlor and cyhalofop-P-butyl to the rice crop or atrazine to zero-till maize did not cause any significant change in physico-chemical properties of the soil. There was no effect of butachlor or cyhalofop-p-butyl on the rotational zero-till maize crops germination, growth and yield. Growth of the rice seedlings was not affected by the atrazine residues and no herbicide phytotoxicity symptoms were observed in the rice crop. Butachlor and cyhalofop residues persisted in the soil up to 30 days after application, beyond which, the concentration of both herbicides was below the detection limits (0.025 mg/kg). The herbicide residues in grain and straw were found below the detection limit. Atrazine persisted in the soil up to 45 days and the residues in soil were found below the detection limit at 60 days and at harvest. In maize grain and straw, the atrazine residues were below the detection limit throughout the period of study.

References

  1. APPMA (2013) Andhra Pradesh pesticide manufacturers association. Herbicide Consumption StatisticsGoogle Scholar
  2. Heatherly LG, Elmore CD, Spurlock SR (1994) Effect of irrigation and weed control treatment on yield and net return from soybean (Glycine max). Weed Technol 8:69–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kapusta G, Krausz RF (1993) Weed control and yield are equal in conventional, reduced, and no-tillage soybean (Glycine max) after 11 years. Weed Technol 7:443–451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Locke MA, Harper SS (1991) Metribuzin degradation in soils. Pestic Sci 31:221–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Locke MA, Gaston LA, Zablotowicz RM (1996) Alachlor biotransformation and sorption in soil from two soybean tillage systems. J Agril Fd Chem 44:1128–1134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Madhavi M, Ramprakash T, Srinivas A, Yakadri M (2013) Integrated weed management in maize (Zea mays L.) for supporting food security in Andhra Pradesh, India. In: Proceedings of the 24th Asian–pacific weed science society conference. 22–25 October, Bandung, Indonesia pp. 510–517Google Scholar
  7. Ram Prakash T (2014) Herbicide residues in soil and water. In: Abstract of national conference on emerging problems and recent trends in applied sciences. Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, 8–9 February, 2014, p. 165Google Scholar
  8. Ram Prakash T, Madhavi M, Sudharshan C (2012) Persistence pattern of three pre-emergence herbicides in maize grown in Andhra Pradesh. In: National symposium of ISWS. KAU, Thrissur, 19–20 April, 2012Google Scholar
  9. Rao PC, Rama Lakshmi CS, Madhavi M, Sireesha A, Swapna G (2012) Dissipation of butachlor in paddy grown soils and its residues in grain. Indian J Weed Sci 44(2):84–87Google Scholar
  10. Sankaran S, Jayakuma R, Kempuchetty N (1993) Herbicide residue analysis. Gandhi Book House, Coimbatore 63 pGoogle Scholar
  11. Sondhia S (2000) Studies of herbicides residues in Maize-potato cropping system. Final Report, NRCWS, JabalpurGoogle Scholar
  12. Sondhia S (2014) Herbicides residues in soil, water, plants and non-targeted organisms and human health implications: an Indian perspective. Indian J Weed Sci 46(1):66–85Google Scholar
  13. Sondhia S (ed) (2016) Herbicide residue analysis. Satish Serial publication House, New Delhi, p 561Google Scholar
  14. Sondhia S, Saraswat VN (2000a) Spectrophotometeric determination of atrazine residues in maize grains and soil. In: Proceedings of the international conference on natural resource management. New Delhi, India, 14–18 February, 2000 pp. 226–227Google Scholar
  15. Sondhia S, Saraswat VN (2000b) Dissipation and assessment of atrazine residues. In: Proceeding of the national seminar on bio-diversity conservation, management and utilization for sustainable development. India, p. 58Google Scholar
  16. Sondhia S, Varshney JG (eds) (2010) Herbicides. Satish Serial Publication House, New Delhi 556 pGoogle Scholar
  17. Sondhia S, Waseem U, Varma RK (2013) Fungal degradation of an acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitor pyrazosulfuron-ethyl in soil. Chemosphere 93(9):2140–2147.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.07.066 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Sondhia S, Singh S, Varma RK, Kumar A (2016) Biodegradation of the herbicide penoxsulam (triazolopyrimidine sulphonamide) by fungal strains of Aspergillus in soil. Appl Soil Ecol 105:196–201.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.03.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Subbiah BV, Asija GL (1956) A rapid procedure for estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Curr Sci 25:259–260Google Scholar
  20. Zablotowicz RM, Locke MA, Gaston LA, Bryson CT (2000) Interactions of tillage and soil depth on fluometuron degradation in a Dundee silt loam soil. Soil Tillage Res 57:61–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Ramprakash
    • 1
  • M. Madhavi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyProfessor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural UniversityHyderabadIndia

Personalised recommendations