Punk Performance, Hangouts, and Alternative Norms

  • Jian Xiao


This chapter focuses on discussing the collective practices of punk musicians, particularly in two forms—performance and hangouts. The core practice of punk performance is a form of entertainment for both musicians and audience members, but it can also be read as an exercise of collective power, intervening in the established power relationships of government-sponsored events. Punks use these practices, along with hangouts, to construct spaces for alternative expressions and norms that are challenging to the mainstream, and accordingly lead to conflicts, especially when they take place in settings outside the punk-only environment.


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jian Xiao
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Communication and DesignSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina

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