Local Strain Measurements in Triaxial Tests Using On-Sample Transducers

  • Shiv Shankar KumarEmail author
  • A. Murali Krishna
  • Arindam Dey
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 16)


Conventional triaxial tests mostly use external LVDTs attached to the actuator of automated triaxial system so as to measure the strain. However, these LVDTs measure the external strain applied and not the strain developed in the sample during shearing. This paper presents the use of on-sample transducer to measure localized strain in a soil sampled subjected to triaxial tests. Specimens prepared at two relative densities (30 and 90%) and three effective confining pressures (50, 100 and 150 kPa) were tested with displacement rates of 0.005 and 1.2 mm/min. It has been observed that the slower rate of loading poses significantly higher secant stiffness of soil. The use of on-sample transducers provides a wide range of strains, i.e., from low strain (~ 1 × 10−3%) to high strain (>1%), and can be used to evaluate the modulus reduction curve over the investigated wide range of strain. The capability of on-sample transducers can be effectively harnessed to evaluate the maximum shear modulus of a soil.


Local strain Triaxial tests On-sample transducer Cohesionless soil 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shiv Shankar Kumar
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Murali Krishna
    • 1
  • Arindam Dey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

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