How to Write a Protocol

  • Mukta Wyawahare
  • Raja Kalayarasan
  • Anahita Kate


  • Thesis protocol acts as a blue print and should list the important details of your research

  • In the first section of the thesis protocol general information about the researcher and study should be mentioned

  • In the second section of the thesis protocol technical details of the study should be written

  • A descriptive title is commonly used for a thesis protocol

  • Aims and objectives of the study are not synonymous

  • Inclusion and exclusion criteria should be supplementary and not complementary

  • A pilot study should be performed when the investigator is not sure about the feasibility of the proposed research


  1. 1.
    WHO | Recommended format for a research protocol [Internet]. 2017 [cited 31st July 2017].
  2. 2.
    Guidelines for Writing a Research Protocol | ORRP [Internet]. 2017 [cited 31st July 2017].
  3. 3.
    Betkerur J. Guidelines for writing a research project synopsis or protocol. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2008;74:687–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Thiese MS. Observational and interventional study design types; an overview. Biochem Med (Zagreb). 2014;24:199–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    New Delhi: Indian Council of Medical Research; 2006. Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research on Human Subjects.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Thabane L, Ma J, Chu R, Cheng J, Ismaila A, Rios LP, et al. A tutorial on pilot studies: the what, why and how. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2010;10(1)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mukta Wyawahare
    • 1
  • Raja Kalayarasan
    • 2
  • Anahita Kate
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MedicineJawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and ResearchPondicherryIndia
  2. 2.Department of Surgical GastroenterologyJawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and ResearchPondicherryIndia
  3. 3.Cornea and Anterior SegmentL.V. Prasad Eye InstituteHyderabadIndia

Personalised recommendations