Creating Liveable Density Through a Synthesis of Planning, Design and Greenery

  • Cheong  Koon Hean 
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Architectural Design and Technology book series (BRIEFSARCHIDE)


The Housing and Development Board (HDB) houses over 80% of the population of Singapore in one million flats spread over 23 towns. In recent years, the HDB has intensified its building programme to meet the housing demand in Singapore. As the city’s heartlands develop into high-density townships, urban greenery has become an integral part of the urban fabric, playing an indispensable role in mitigating the high densities and ensuring a quality living environment. The essay discusses how the development of HDB towns is guided by comprehensive principles, which consider greenery at both the macro- and micro-scales, from the planning and urban design of towns to the design and implementation of individual precincts and buildings.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheong  Koon Hean 
    • 1
  1. 1.Housing and Development Board SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

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