Advertisement

A Feature Averaging Method for Kinship Verification

  • Niharika Yadav
  • Aarti Goyal
  • T. Meenpal
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 768)

Abstract

Over a past few years, kinship verification using facial images has been gaining significant attention by different researchers. Kinship verification is motivated by the human inheritance and psychological findings that a child resembles his/her parent more than any other person in terms of facial appearance. In this paper, a new Feature Averaging method is proposed for kinship verification. This method creates an average vector that maximizes the variance between kinship pairs and minimizes the variance between non-kinship pairs. Multiple features are extracted using different feature descriptors for each facial image to create a high-dimensional feature vector. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is used for dimension reduction of the high-dimensional feature vector by selecting apposite features which give useful information. The resultant PCA reduced feature vector characterizes each facial image with salient features. Experimental results are presented for different kinship datasets and the obtained verification accuracy demonstrates the performance of the proposed method.

Keywords

Kinship verification Genetic similarity Feature averaging Feature descriptor 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research work is supported for the research grant by Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), Department of Science and Technology, Government of India. The sanctioned project title is “Design and development of an Automatic Kinship Verification system for Indian faces with possible integration of AADHAR Database.” with reference no. ECR/2016/001659.

References

  1. 1.
    Dal Martello, M.F., Maloney, L.T.: Where are kin recognition signals in the human face? J. Vis. 6(12), 2 (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    DeBruine, L.M., Smith, F.G., Jones, B.C., Roberts, S.C., Petrie, M., Spector, T.D.: Kin recognition signals in adult faces. Vis. Res. 49(1), 38–43 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dal Martello, M.F., Maloney, L.T.: Lateralization of kin recognition signals in the human face. J. Vis. 10(8), 9 (2010)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wu, H., Yang, S., Sun, S., Liu, C., Luo, Y.J.: The male advantage in child facial resemblance detection: behavioral and ERP evidence. Soc. Neurosci. 8(6), 555–567 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Alvergne, A., Oda, R., Faurie, C., Matsumoto-Oda, A., Durand, V., Raymond, M.: Cross-cultural perceptions of facial resemblance between kin. J. Vis. 9(6), 23 (2009)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kaminski, G., Dridi, S., Graff, C., Gentaz, E.: Human ability to detect kinship in strangers’ faces: effects of the degree of relatedness. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 276(1670), 3193–3200 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kaminski, G., Ravary, F., Graff, C., Gentaz, E.: Firstborns disadvantage in kinship detection. Psychol. Sci. 21(12), 1746–1750 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (2008) KinshipGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (1968) KinshipGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bressan, P., Dal Martello, M.: Talis pater, talis filius: perceived resemblance and the belief in genetic relatedness. Psychol. Sci. 13(3), 213–218 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fang, R., Tang, K.D., Snavely, N., Chen, T.: Towards computational models of kinship verification. In: 17th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP), pp. 1577–1580. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Guo, G., Wang, X.: Kinship measurement on salient facial features. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Measur. 61(8), 2322–2325 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zhou, X., Hu, J., Lu, J., Shang, Y., Guan, Y.: Kinship verification from facial images under uncontrolled conditions. In: Proceedings of the 19th ACM International Conference on Multimedia, pp. 953–956. ACM (2011)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Liu, Q., Puthenputhussery, A., Liu, C.: Inheritable fisher vector feature for kinship verification. In: IEEE7th International Conference on Biometrics Theory, Applications and Systems (BTAS), pp. 1–6. IEEE (2015)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Xia, S., Shao, M., Luo, J., Fu, Y.: Understanding kin relationships in a photo. IEEE Trans. Multimedia 14(4), 1046–1056 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lu, J., Zhou, X., Tan, Y.P., Shang, Y., Zhou, J.: Neighborhood repulsed met-ric learning for kinship verification. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 36(2), 331–345 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yan, H., Lu, J., Deng, W., Zhou, X.: Discriminative multimetric learning for kinship verification. IEEE Trans. Inf. Forensics Secur. 9(7), 1169–1178 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Yan, H., Zhou, X., Ge, Y.: Neighborhood repulsed correlation metric learning for kinship verification. In: Visual Communications and Image Processing (VCIP), pp. 1–4. IEEE (2015)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhou, X., Shang, Y., Yan, H., Guo, G.: Ensemble similarity learning for kinship verification from facial images in the wild. Inf. Fusion 32, 40–48 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zhang12, K., Huang, Y., Song, C., Wu, H., Wang, L., Intelligence, S.M.: Kinship verification with deep convolutional neural networks (2015)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wang, M., Li, Z., Shu, X., Tang, J., et al.: Deep kinship verification. In: 17th International Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing (MMSP), pp. 1–6. IEEE (2015)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Qin, X., Tan, X., Chen, S.: Tri-subject kinship verification: understanding the core of a family. IEEE Trans. Multimedia 17(10), 1855–1867 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Xu, M., Shang, Y.: Kinship measurement on face images by structured similarity fusion. IEEE Access 4, 10280–10287 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Fang, R., Gallagher, A.C., Chen, T., Loui, A.: Kinship classification by modeling facial feature heredity. In: 20th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP), pp. 2983–2987. IEEE (2013)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Dibeklioglu, H., Ali Salah, A., Gevers, T.: Like father, like son: Facial expression dynamics for kinship verification. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision, pp. 1497–1504 (2013)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Lowe, D.G.: Distinctive image features from scale-invariant keypoints. Int. J. Comput. Vis. 60(2), 91–110 (2004)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bay, H., Tuytelaars, T., Van Gool, L.: Surf: Speeded up robust features. In: Computer vision—ECCV, pp. 404–417 (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electronics and TelecommunicationNIT RaipurRaipurIndia

Personalised recommendations