Advertisement

The Listing and Protection of the East Rennell World Heritage Site

  • Stephanie Clair Price
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Series in Asia and Pacific Studies book series (PSAPS)

Abstract

This chapter analyses the inscription of East Rennell on the World Heritage List, explaining how the values for which the site was listed and the site’s boundaries influence conservation efforts. The chapter then explores the site’s protection, laying a foundation for more detailed analysis in later chapters. It outlines the threats to the site, and the Solomon Islands government’s plan to address those threats. Key social, cultural, and economic issues influencing World Heritage conservation in Solomon Islands are also discussed. The chapter argues that in the design of conservation initiatives, the economic constraints of the government, the development aspirations of the East Rennellese people, and Solomon Islanders’ reverence for the rights of customary landowners cannot be ignored.

References

Articles, Books and Reports

  1. Albert, Simon, Peter Ramohia, Andrew Olds, Tingo Leve, Charlotte Kvennefors, Survey of the Condition of the Marine Ecosystem within the East Rennell World Heritage Area, Solomon Islands (University of Queensland, Solomon Islands Marine Ecology Laboratory, Griffith University and WWF-Solomon Islands, 2013)Google Scholar
  2. Allen, Matthew G, ‘Land, Identity and Conflict on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands’ (2012) 43(2) Australian Geographer 153Google Scholar
  3. Badman, T, B Bomhard, A Fincke, J Langley, P Rosabal and D Sheppard, Outstanding Universal Value: Standards for Natural World Heritage (IUCN, 2008)Google Scholar
  4. Baines, Graham, Beneath the State: Chiefs of Santa Isabel, Solomon Islands, Coping and Adapting, State, Society and Governance Working Paper 2014/2 (Australian National University, 2014)Google Scholar
  5. Bennett, Judith, Roots of Conflict in Solomon Islands – Though Much is Taken, Much Abides: Legacies of Tradition and Colonialism, State, Society and Governance in Melanesia Discussion Paper (Australian National University, 2002)Google Scholar
  6. Boer, Ben, Solomon Islands: Review of Environmental Law (SPREP, 1993)Google Scholar
  7. Boer, Ben, ‘Solomon Islands’ in Ben Boer (ed), Environmental Law in the South Pacific: Consolidated Report of the Reviews of Environmental Law in the Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Kingdom of Tonga, Republic of the Marshall Islands and Solomon Islands (South Pacific Regional Environment Programme and IUCN Environmental Law Centre, 1996) 189Google Scholar
  8. Borges, Maria Ana, Giulia Carbone, Robyn Bushell and Tilman Jaeger, Sustainable Tourism and Natural World Heritage (IUCN, 2011)Google Scholar
  9. Braithwaite, John, Sinclair Dinnen, Matthew Allen, Valerie Braithwaite and Hilary Charlesworth, Pillars and Shadows: Statebuilding as Peacebuilding in Solomon Islands (ANU E Press, 2010)Google Scholar
  10. Corrin Care, Jennifer and Jean G Zorn, ‘Legislating pluralism: Statutory ‘Developments’ in Melanesian Customary Law’ (2001) 46 Journal of Legal Pluralism 49Google Scholar
  11. Cox, Barry and Peter Moore, Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach. Blackwell (Oxford, 1980)Google Scholar
  12. Denham, John, Tim Muke and Vagi Genorupa, ‘Nominating and Managing a World Heritage Site in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea’ (2007) 39(3) World Archaeology 324Google Scholar
  13. Diamond, J M, ‘The Avifauna of Rennell Island’ in Torben Wolff (ed), The Natural History of Rennell Island, British Solomon Islands (Danish Science Press, vol 8, 1984)Google Scholar
  14. Dingwall, Paul, Report on the Reactive Monitoring Mission to East Rennell, Solomon Islands, 21–29 October 2012 (IUCN, 2013)Google Scholar
  15. Dinnen, Sinclair, ‘State-Building in a Post-Colonial Society: The Case of Solomon Islands’ (2008) 9 Chicago Journal of International Law 51Google Scholar
  16. Dinnen, Sinclair, ‘The Solomon Islands Intervention and the Instabilities of the Post-Colonial State’ (2008) 20(3) Global Change, Peace and Security (formerly Pacific Review: Peace, Security and Global Change) 338Google Scholar
  17. Filardi, Christopher E, Catherine E Smith, Andrew W Kratter, David W Steadman and H Price Webb, ‘New Behavioral, Ecological, and Biogeographic Data on the Avifauna of Rennell, Solomon Islands’ (1999) 53(4) Pacific Science 319Google Scholar
  18. Filer, Colin, ‘Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Mining, ‘Indigenous People’ and the Development of States’ in Benedict Y Imbun and Paul A McGavin (eds), Mining in Papua New Guinea: Analysis and Policy Implications (University of Papua New Guinea Press, 2001) 7Google Scholar
  19. Foale, Simon, ‘Where’s Our Development? Landowner Aspirations and Environmentalist Agendas in Western Solomon Islands’ (2001) 2(2) Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology 44Google Scholar
  20. Foimua, John, ‘Renbel (Rennell-Bellona) Province, Provincial Profile’ in David Lawrence and Matthew Allen (eds), Hem Nao, Solomon Islands, Tis Taem – Community Sector Program – Volume 1, Provincial Profiles (2006) 131Google Scholar
  21. Frazer, Ian, ‘The Struggle for Control of Solomon Island Forests’ (1997) 9(1) Contemporary Pacific 39Google Scholar
  22. Gabrys, Kasia and Mike Heywood, ‘Community and Governance in the World Heritage Property of East Rennell’ in Anita Smith (ed), World Heritage in a Sea of Islands: Pacific 2009 Programme, World Heritage Papers 34 (UNESCO, 2012) 60Google Scholar
  23. Gay, Daniel (ed), Solomon Islands Diagnostic Trade Integration Study 2009 Report (Solomon Islands Government, 2009)Google Scholar
  24. International Centre on Space Technologies for Natural and Cultural Heritage, Report of the Technical Consultation Meeting on East Rennell World Heritage Site in Danger, Sanya, Hainan Province, China, 1–2 February 2016 (2016) 21Google Scholar
  25. John, Aatai, ‘No Mining at Lake Tegano’, The Solomon Star (online), 20 February 2017 http://www.solomonstarnews.com/news/national/12281-no-mining-at-lake-tegano
  26. Kuschel, Rolf, Torben Monberg, and Torben Wolff, Bibliography of Rennell and Bellona Islands (University of Copenhagen, 2nd ed, 2001) http://www.bellona.dk/pdf/publications//bibliography_2nd.pdf
  27. Larmour, Peter, ‘Sharing the Benefits: Customary Landowners and Natural Resource Projects in Melanesia’ (1989) 36 Pacific Viewpoint 56Google Scholar
  28. MacArthur, Robert J and Edward O Wilson, ‘An Equilibrium Theory of Insular Zoogeography’ (1963) 17 Evolution 373Google Scholar
  29. Markham, A, E Osipova, K Lafrenz Samuels and A Caldas, World Heritage and Tourism in a Changing Climate (UNEP and UNESCO, 2016)Google Scholar
  30. McKinnon, John, Solomon Islands World Heritage Site Proposal: Report on a Fact Finding Mission (4–22 February 1990) (Victoria University of Wellington, 1990)Google Scholar
  31. Monberg, Torben, ‘Research on Rennell and Bellona: A Preliminary Report’ (1960) 2 Folk 71Google Scholar
  32. Moore, Clive, ‘Pacific View: The Meaning of Governance and Politics in the Solomon Islands’ (2008) 62(3) Australian Journal of International Affairs 386Google Scholar
  33. Munch-Petersen, Nils Finn, ‘An Island Saved, At Least for Some Time? The Advent of Tourism to Rennell, Solomon Islands’ in Godfrey Baldacchino and Daniel Niles (eds), Island Futures: Conservation and Development Across the Asia-Pacific Region (Springer, 2011) 169Google Scholar
  34. Perry, Jim, ‘World Heritage Hot Spots: A Global Model Identifies the 16 Natural Heritage Properties on the World Heritage List Most at Risk From Climate Change’ (2011) 17(5) International Journal of Heritage Studies 426Google Scholar
  35. Ruddle, K, E Hviding and R E Johannes, ‘Marine Resources Management in the Context of Customary Tenure’ (1992) 7 Marine Resource Economics 249Google Scholar
  36. Ruthven, David, ‘Rennell Bauxite’ in Peter Larmour (ed), Land in Solomon Islands (Institution of Pacific Studies and Ministry of Agriculture and Lands, 1979) 94Google Scholar
  37. Sand, Christophe, ‘Melanesian Tribes vs Polynesian Chiefdoms: Recent Archaeological Assessment of a Classic Model of Socio-Political Types in Oceania’ (2002) 41(2) Asian Perspectives 284Google Scholar
  38. Smith, Anita, ‘East Rennell World Heritage Site: Misunderstandings, Inconsistencies and Opportunities in the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention in the Pacific Islands’ (2011) 17(6) International Journal of Heritage Studies 592Google Scholar
  39. Smith, Anita, ‘World Heritage and Outstanding Universal Value in the Pacific Islands’ (2015) 21(2) International Journal of Heritage Studies 177Google Scholar
  40. Smith, John, An Island in the Autumn (Librario Publishing Ltd, 2012)Google Scholar
  41. Solomon Islands Government, State Party Report on the State of Conservation of the East Rennell World Heritage Area (Solomon Islands) (SIG, 2012)Google Scholar
  42. Solomon Islands Government, Volume I Report on 2009 Population and Housing Census: Basic Tables and Census Description, Statistical Bulletin 6/2012 (Solomon Islands Government, 2012)Google Scholar
  43. Solomon Islands Government, State Party Report on the State of Conservation of East Rennell (Solomon Islands) (SIG, 2017)Google Scholar
  44. Stanley, Scott Alexander, REDD Feasibility Study for East Rennell World Heritage Site, Solomon Islands (Secretariat of the Pacific Community and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, 2013)Google Scholar
  45. Tabbasum, Salamat Ali and Paul Dingwall, Report on the Mission to East Rennell World Heritage Property and Marovo Lagoon, Solomon Islands, 30 March–10 April 2005 (IUCN and World Heritage Centre, 2005) 5Google Scholar
  46. Techera, Erika J, ‘Safeguarding cultural heritage: Law and policy in Fiji’ (2011) 12 Journal of Cultural Heritage 329Google Scholar
  47. Triantis, Kostas A, David Nogués-Bravo, Joaquín Hortal, Paulo A V Borges, Henning Adsersen, José Maria Fernandez-Palacios, Miguel B. Araujo and Robert J Whittaker, ‘Measurements of Area and the (Island) Species-Area Relationship: New Directions for an Old Pattern’ (2008) 117 Oikos 1555Google Scholar
  48. Turton, Steve, East Rennell World Heritage Area: Assessment of the State of Conservation of World Heritage Values. Final Field Report (James Cook University, 2014)Google Scholar
  49. Wingham, Elspeth J, Nomination of East Rennell, Solomon Islands by the Government of Solomon Islands for Inclusion in the World Heritage List Natural Sites (1997)Google Scholar
  50. Wingham, Elspeth J, Resource Management Objectives and Guidelines for East Rennell, Solomon Islands (May 1998), attached as attachment 1 to Elspeth J Wingham, Nomination of East Rennell, Solomon Islands by the Government of Solomon Islands for Inclusion in the World Heritage List Natural Sites (1997)Google Scholar
  51. Wolff, Torben (ed), The Natural History of Rennell Islands, British Solomon Islands. Scientific Results of the Danish Rennell Expedition, 1951 and the British Museum (Natural History) Expedition 1953 (Danish Science Press, volumes 1–4, 1958–1962)Google Scholar
  52. Wolff, Torben (ed), The Natural History of Rennell Island, British Solomon Islands. Scientific Results of the Noona Dan Expedition (Rennell Section, 1962) and The Danish Rennell Expedition 1965 (Danish Science Press, volumes 5–8, 1968)Google Scholar
  53. Wolff, T, ‘The Fauna of Rennell and Bellona, Solomon Islands’ (1969) 255(800) Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 321Google Scholar
  54. Zikuli, Jacob and Hazel Clothier, Community Attitudes and Perceptions Towards the East Rennell World Heritage Programme (Live and Learn Environmental Education, 2008)Google Scholar

Conventions

  1. Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, opened for signature 16 November 1972, 1037 UNTS 151 (entered into force 17 December 1975)Google Scholar
  2. Convention on the Law of Treaties, opened for signature 23 May 1969, 1155 UNTS 331 (entered into force 27 January 1980)Google Scholar

United Nations Documents

  1. Adoption of Retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value, WHC 36th sess, UN Doc WHC-12/36.COM/8E (15 June 2012a) 55 (East Rennell, Solomon Islands)Google Scholar
  2. ICOMOS, Evaluations of Nominations of Cultural and Mixed Properties to the World Heritage List, WHC 32nd sess, UN Doc WHC-08/32.COM/INF/8B1 (2008) 92 (Chief Roi Mata’s Domain, Vanuatu, Advisory Body Evaluation 1280)Google Scholar
  3. ICOMOS, Evaluations of Nominations of Cultural and Mixed Properties to the World Heritage List, WHC 36th sess, UN Doc WHC-12/36.COM/INF.8B1 (2012) 21 (Rock Islands Southern Lagoon, Republic of Palau, Advisory Body Evaluation 1386)Google Scholar
  4. Information on Tentative Lists and Examination of Nominations of Cultural and Natural Properties to the List of World Heritage in Danger and the World Heritage List, WHC 22nd sess, UN Doc WHC-98/CONF.203/10Rev (29 November 1998)Google Scholar
  5. IUCN, Evaluations of Nominations of Natural and Mixed Properties to the World Heritage List, WHC 22nd sess (1998) 79 (East Rennell, Solomon Islands)Google Scholar
  6. IUCN, Evaluations of Nominations of Natural and Mixed Properties to the World Heritage List, WHC 34th sess, UN Doc WHC/10/34.COM/INF.8B2 (2010) 19 (Phoenix Islands Protected Area, Kiribati, Advisory Body Evaluation 1325)Google Scholar
  7. State of Conservation of Properties Inscribed on the World Heritage List, WHC 22nd sess, UN Doc WHC-03/27.COM/7B (12 June 2003) 11 (East Rennell, Solomon Islands)Google Scholar
  8. State of Conservation of Properties Inscribed on the World Heritage List, WHC 28th sess, UN Doc WHC-04/28.COM/15B (15 June 2004) 15 (East Rennell, Solomon Islands)Google Scholar
  9. State of Conservation of Properties Inscribed on the World Heritage List, WHC 41st sess, UN Doc WHC/17/41.COM/7A.Add (2 June 2017) 26 (East Rennell, Solomon Islands)Google Scholar
  10. State of Conservation of the Properties Inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger, WHC 42nd sess, UN Doc WHC/18/42.COM/7A.Add.2 (15 June 2018) 17 (East Rennell, Solomon Islands)Google Scholar
  11. UNESCO, Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention, UN Doc WHC 97/2 (February 1997)Google Scholar
  12. UNESCO, Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention, UN Doc WHC 16/01 (26 October 2016)Google Scholar
  13. WHC Res CONF 203 VIII.A.1, WHC 22nd sess, UN Doc WHC-98/CONF/203/18 (29 January 1999a) 25Google Scholar
  14. WHC Res CONF 203 XIV.3, WHC 22nd sess, UN Doc WHC-98/CONF.203/18 (29 January 1999b) 56Google Scholar
  15. WHC Res 34 COM 7B.17, WHC 34th sess, UN Doc WHC-10/34.COM/20 (3 September 2010) 71Google Scholar
  16. WHC Res 36 COM 7B.15, WHC 36th sess, UN Doc WHC-12/36.COM/19 (June–July 2012b) 63Google Scholar
  17. WHC Res 37 COM 7B.14, WHC 37th sess, UN Doc WHC-13/37.COM/20 (5 July 2013) 68Google Scholar
  18. WHC Res 38 COM 7A.29, WHC 38th sess, UN Doc WHC-14/38.COM/16 (7 July 2014) 39Google Scholar
  19. WHC Res 39 COM 7A.16, WHC 39th sess, UN Doc WHC-15/39.COM/19 (8 July 2015) 30Google Scholar
  20. WHC Res 40 COM 7A.49, WHC 40th sess, UN Doc WHC-16/40.COM/19 (15 November 2016) 68Google Scholar
  21. WHC Res 41 COM 7A.19, WHC 41st sess, UN Doc WHC-17/41.COM/18 (12 July 2017) 35Google Scholar

Legislation and Bills: Solomon Islands

  1. Protected Areas Act (2010)Google Scholar
  2. World Heritage Properties Conservation Bill Google Scholar

Theses

  1. Tagini, Phillip Iro, The Search for King Solomon’s Gold: An Examination of the Policy and Regulatory Framework for Mining in Solomon Islands (PhD Thesis, The Australian National University, 2007)Google Scholar

Internet Materials

  1. IUCN, Natural World Heritage Sites: The Pacific’s Challenges (13 June 2014) https://www.iucn.org/content/natural-world-heritage-sites-pacific%E2%80%99s-challenges
  2. IUCN, World Heritage Outlook – East Rennell http://www.worldheritageoutlook.iucn.org/explore-sites/wdpaid/168242
  3. UNESCO, The World Heritage Committee http://whc.unesco.org/en/committee/

Interviews

  1. Interview by the author with an officer in the Ministry of Culture (Honiara, 26 July 2013)Google Scholar
  2. Interview by the author with an officer in the Ministry of Education, who was formerly the focal point for World Heritage within the Solomon Islands National Commission for UNESCO (Honiara, 28 July 2013)Google Scholar
  3. Interview by the author with a conservation officer in the Ministry of Environment (Honiara, 2 August 2013)Google Scholar
  4. Interview by the author with Joe Horokou, Director of the Environment and Conservation Division of the Ministry of Environment (Honiara, 15 August 2013)Google Scholar
  5. Interview by the author with Bradley Tovosia, Minister for Environment (Honiara, 24 September 2013)Google Scholar
  6. Interview by the author with Malchoir Mataki, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Environment (Honiara, 1 October 2013)Google Scholar

Other

  1. Letter from Aseri Yalangono, Deputy Secretary General of National Commission for UNESCO Solomon Islands to the Director of the UNESCO World Heritage Centre (31 August 2011)Google Scholar
  2. Letter from Moses K Mose, Permanent Secretary of Solomon Islands Ministry of Commerce, Employment and Tourism, to Bernd von Droste, Director of the UNESCO World Heritage Centre (1 September 1998) attached as supplementary information to Elspeth J Wingham, Nomination of East Rennell, Solomon Islands by the Government of Solomon Islands for Inclusion in the World Heritage List Natural Sites (1997)Google Scholar
  3. Minister for Provincial Government and Institutional Strengthening, ‘Rennell and Bellona Provincial Government (Suspension of Executive Powers) Order 2014’ in Solomon Islands, Extraordinary Gazette, No 81, 5 September 2014, 184Google Scholar
  4. Wein, Laurie, East Rennell World Heritage Site Management Plan (Solomon Islands National Commission for UNESCO, 2007)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephanie Clair Price
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia

Personalised recommendations