In this chapter, intraluminal brachytherapy (ILBT) for biliary tract cancer is discussed. Because of its rarity and poor prognosis and generally it is difficult to cover whole tumor with intraluminal brachytherapy, there exists no prospective study showing survival benefit of ILBT for biliary tract cancer. However, large retrospective study showed effectiveness of ILBT in local control for unresectable biliary tract cancer patients. Local control of the disease holds great significance for such patients; therefore, ILBT could be considered when applicable.
Biliary tract cancer Intraluminal brachytherapy
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