Biomimetic Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering
The use of biomimetic scaffolds for bone tissue engineering has been studied for a long time. Biomimetic scaffolds can assist and accelerate bone regeneration that is similar to that of authentic tissue, which represents the environment of cells in a living organism. Currently, numerous biomaterials have been reported for use as a biomimetic scaffold. This review focuses on the design of biomimetic scaffolds, kinds of biomaterials and methods used to fabricate biomimetic scaffolds, growth factors used with biomimetic scaffold for bone regeneration, mobilization of biological agents into biomimetic scaffolds, and studies on (pre)clinical bone regeneration from biomimetic scaffolds. Then, future prospects for biomimetic scaffolds are discussed.
KeywordsBiomimetic scaffold Biomaterial Bone regeneration Tissue engineering
This work was supported by a grant from a Basic Science Research Program (2016R1A2B3007448) and Priority Research Centers Program (2010-0028294) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education.
Conflicts of Interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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