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Nanoparticles from Fungi (Myconanoparticles)

  • G. Subashini
  • S. Bhuvaneswari
Chapter

Abstract

Myconanoparticles are solid colloidal metal particles produced from fungi in the span range approximately from 1 nm to 100 nm in dimensions and form more structure fabricating pieces of nanotechnology. Metal nanoparticles like gold, silver and platinum need picked up respectable consideration in current era due to their basic and technical enthusiasm. The nanoparticles have exclusive catalytic, electronic and visual characters discrete from the metal nanoparticles. In current era, several techniques have been intended to make nanoparticles by physical, chemical and biological methods. The chemical process utilizes chemical agents such as sodium borohydride, sodium citrate and alcohols. The physical process uses physical agents as UV rays, gamma rays, etc. Yet the biological methods utilize biological agents to portray a low cost and an environmental protective way for creation of metal nanoparticles. Nowadays, the nanoparticles synthesized by biological organisms include plants, bacteria, yeast and fungi. Among these microorganism, fungus is a well-organized system for the production of nanoparticles. Myconanotechnology is a budding field, where fungi can be used for synthesis of nanoparticles with attractive shape. The mycosynthesis of nanoparticles has monodispersity, magnitude and constancy. Furthermore, this method is ecological and inexpensively viable for the synthesis of nanoparticles. Mycosynthesized nanoparticles discovered its limitless provision for agriculture, environment, medicine and food preservation and material fabrics. This chapter highlighted on production of nanoparticles from fungi and its application to various fields in biology.

Keywords

Myconanoparticles Mycosynthesis Fungi Green nanotechnology 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Subashini
    • 1
  • S. Bhuvaneswari
    • 1
  1. 1.Shrimati Indira Gandhi CollegeTrichy-2India

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