Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi As Phosphate Fertilizer for Crop Plants and Their Role in Bioremediation of Heavy Metals

  • Arun Arya
  • Shalini Ojha
  • Simranjeet Singh


Endophytic fungi are universally present in plants. These fungi form a symbiotic association and help the plants in different ways. These fungi also help in protection against insect attack and herbivory. Many root-associated fungi form an endophytic symbiotic association which assists in providing phosphorus, other nutrients, and water balance. The members of Glomerales colonize cortex of roots and help in better plant growth. More than one fungus may be associated, and this helps in bioremediation of pollutant heavy metals. Their association with plants is as old as the evolution of angiosperms millions of years back.


Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Crops Glomus Heavy metals Mushroom Phytoremediation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arun Arya
    • 1
  • Shalini Ojha
    • 1
  • Simranjeet Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Botany, Faculty of ScienceThe Maharaja Sayajirao University of BarodaVadodaraIndia

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