Shoot and Fruit Borer, Conogethes spp. (Crambidae: Lepidoptera) in Northeast India

  • P. Thiyagarajan
  • S. S. Bora
  • K. Dhanapal
  • B. A. Gudade
  • A. B. Rema Shree


Northeast India (NER) is characterized by rich biodiversity, and most of the farmers in the region practice organic farming. Ginger and turmeric are the principle hosts for Conogethes spp. in NER. Conogethes infestation starts in June and continues till October to November. Large cardamom, Amomum subulatum, remains uninfested. Conogethes sp. incurs yield loss of up to 35% on ginger and turmeric. Cultural practices and phytosanitary measures are adopted to contain the pest. Insecticides are seldom applied for management of the borer.


Northeast India (NER) Zingiberaceae Conogethes spp. Major pest 



Authors are grateful to the Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Myladumpara and Sikkim, India, and to the Spices Board, Cochin, Kerala.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Thiyagarajan
    • 1
  • S. S. Bora
    • 2
  • K. Dhanapal
    • 2
  • B. A. Gudade
    • 3
  • A. B. Rema Shree
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR-Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Spices BoardMyladumpara, IdukkiIndia
  2. 2.Regional Research Station, ICAR-Indian Cardamom research Institute, Spices BoardTadongIndia
  3. 3.Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Spices Board, (Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Govt. of India)Tadong GangtokIndia

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