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Soil Salinity and Microbes: Diversity, Ecology, and Biotechnological Potential

  • Dilfuza Egamberdieva
  • Kakhramon Davranov
  • Stephan Wirth
Chapter
Part of the Microorganisms for Sustainability book series (MICRO, volume 8)

Abstract

Soil salinity is a severe problem worldwide to crop production and ecosystems because it disturbed soil biological processes and microbial functioning. The adverse effects of salt stress on soil microbial activity and populations have been studied extensively. The understanding of the adaptive properties of soil microbes makes it possible to use them in restoring abandoned salt-affected lands. Salt-tolerant microorganisms are essential components in carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycling. There is evidence that these microbes play an important role in soil biochemical processes and nutrient cycle, improving plant stress tolerance and nutrient acquisition through their ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, solubilize phosphate or by enhancing decomposition of plant residues. These stress tolerant microbes have a great biotechnological potential to improve productivity and plant health on saline soils, or under arid conditions.

Keywords

Salinity Drought Soil microbes Diversity Nutrient cycle Plant nutrients 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dilfuza Egamberdieva
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kakhramon Davranov
    • 2
  • Stephan Wirth
    • 1
  1. 1.Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape ResearchMünchebergGermany
  2. 2.Faculty of BiologyNational University of UzbekistanTashkentUzbekistan

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